Open Access Short Research Articles

Unregistered Food Premises Hygiene Management in Urban City Ampang Selangor

Khairil Anuar Mohamed, Zaini Sakawi, Mohd Yusof Hussain

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 13-21
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2021/v40i2331484

Rapid development in Ampang, Selangor area has a  impact on the environment. The increase in the number of immigrants from outside with food operators from neighbouring countries demands dynamic and quality food premise management. A total of 145  unregistered food premises were detected to operate without food hygiene monitoring by the Local Council and District Health Department in the study area. The quality of food presented to customers is plays an important role in curbing the spread of epidemics such as food poisoning, diarrhea, leptospirosis, salmonellosis and other foodborne illnesses. The analysis result of Pearson Coleration showed that all the variables between knowledge had a significant relationship with the attitude of the food operator (p <0.05). The findings showed a significant relationship between knowledge and attitude (r = 0.310, p <0.05). The results showed that the presence of unlicensed food premises would damage the scenery 71.9 percent and destroy the aesthetic value of the city 28.1 percent. The development speed should be in line with the hygiene of food premises, especially in the rapidly developing township.

Open Access Policy Article

Paris Agreement Implementation in Nigeria: Compliance Level, Constraints and Possible Ways Forward

B. C. Anwadike

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 41-48
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2021/v40i2331491

Nigeria has traditionally been an active participant within the United Nations (UN) systems and ideals enshrined in their conventions and treaties by being a signatory to various environmental treaties and conventions notably the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Nigeria signed the Kyoto Protocol and more recently the Paris Agreement on climate change alongside other 140 countries in December 2015 to mitigate the effects of global warming caused by the uncontrolled emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG). Nigeria is seriously impacted by climate change with consequences that includes vulnerability to drought, famine, flooding due to variability or change in rainfall pattern especially in the humid south and decreased rainfall in the savana region, soil erosion, sea level rise causing coastal areas to be submerged, declining surface and subsurface water etc Nigeria being a signatory to the Paris Agreement says she is committed to reducing GHG emissions by 20%  relative to a business as usual (BAU) of economic an emissions growth by 2030. As much as her good intentions abound, there are obvious constraints to the implementation of the Paris Accord and these include; institutional deficiencies and failure, ambiguos environmental legislation and laws, lack of policy framework, paucity of fund, fear of revenue loss from oil, lack of political will to diversify the economy, climate change has not been integrated into the development plan, paucity of GHG emission data etc.

Open Access Original Research Article

Screening of Pearl Millet [Pennisetum glaucum [L.] R. Br.] Germplasm Lines against Drought Tolerance Based on Biochemical Traits

M. L. Choudhary, M. K. Tripathi, Neha Gupta, Sushma Tiwari, Niraj Tripathi, Prerana Parihar, R. K. Pandya

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2021/v40i2331483

Aim: The current investigation was commenced to investigate genetic miscellany among pearl millet genotypes based on diverse biochemical parameters interrelated to drought tolerance.

Study Design: In investigation, 96 pearl millet germplasm lines were screened against drought using diverse biochemical traits.

Place and Duration of the Study: The present study was conducted at College of Agriculture, Gwalior, Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Gwalior, M.P., India during July 2019 to December, 2020.

Methodology: Five biochemical parameters viz., chlorophyll content, carotenoid content, total soluble sugars, proline and protein were investigated for explanation of differences among 96 pearl millet germplasm lines in respect to drought tolerance.

Results: Data of present investigation revealed the mean leaves chlorophyll at 30DAS was 2.90 mgg-1 with the range of 1.31-4.69 mgg-1, whereas chlorophyll at 60DAS was arrayed between 1.46-3.84 mgg-1with an average of 3.02 mgl-1. Carotenoid at 30DAS was ranging from 4.5-11.44 mgg-1 with an average value of 7.23 mgg-1, while carotenoid at 60DAS was recorded in range of 5.01 to 10.10 mgg-1with an average of 6.66 mgg-1. TSS was ranged between 1.10-2.20 mgg-1, proline 0.10 to 0.17 mg g-1 and protein content 9.2-16.60 mgg-1.

Conclusions: According to the biochemical data a total of 16 pearl millet genotypes were found to be grouped distantly among all the genotypes. Possibility existed to be drought tolerance of these genotypes.

Open Access Original Research Article

Mycotoxins in Foodstuffs: Case of Aflatoxin B1 and Ochratoxin A in Dry Okra and Cassava Chips Marketed in Daloa (Côte d’Ivoire)

Ehouman Ano Guy Serge, Kouassi Kouassi Clément, Kouassi Kra Athanase, Ehui Edi Jean Fréjus, Beugre Grah Avit Maxwell, Traore Karim Sory

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 22-28
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2021/v40i2331486

The mycotoxins are toxic composites frequently found in foodstuffs causing some damages to consumers. This current study has been realised in order to estimate the content of Aflatoxin B1 and Ochratoxin A in dry okra and cassava chips frequently consumed by the population of Daloa. The analysis by chromatography in the liquid phase at high performance has shown that these foodstuffs contain Aflatoxin B1 and Ochratoxin A. These results reveal an average content of : 2.58 ± 3.65 µg/Kg and 3.08 ± 5.04  µg/Kg for the Aflatoxin B1 ; 1.06 ± 0.86 µg/Kg and 0.61±0.24 µg/Kg for the Ochratoxin A respectively in the flour of cassava chips and the powder of dry okra. These concentrations are somewhat to higher than those allowed by the norm of Codex Alimentarius. Under this form, the consumption of these foodstuffs by the population expose them at risk of diseases.

Open Access Original Research Article

Prospects of Livelihood Enhancement through SHGs in Fisheries Sector of Kashmir Region

Rizwana Malik, Mudasir M. Kirmani

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 29-33
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2021/v40i2331487

The development of fishing community in general and fisherwoman community in particular has been the need of the hour in view of different developmental programmes initiated by governmental and non-governmental organization across the valley. The research work envisaging the applicability of self-help groups (SHGs) in fishing community was designed and undertaken suggest strategies for development of SHGs among fishers. The research study was carried out in Tailbal area of district Srinagar of Kashmir region in Jammu and Kashmir. The Tailbal area comprises of 200 fisher households having an approximate population of 1000 people. The sample used in the research work constituted of 100 fisherwomen and a pre-tested interview schedule was administered to get the responses from the respondents. During the course of study fisherwomen  were comprehensively interviewed  in order to get an insight into their interest and attitude towards formation of SHGs. The results revealed that the fisher women  had very less information about the SHGs and the benefits of forming SHGs. However, post awareness campaigns the fisherwomen community of the Tailbal area were motivated to be part of such groups in order to help the fisherwoman community in general and society in particular. The results also revealed that the fisherwomen had faith in governmental schemes because of the previous positive experiences so they felt that initiative like formation of SHGs can be of great help for them in overcoming the challenges at personal and professional front. Fisherwomen being very active and equal partners in fishing enterprise know the importance of saving money, securing loans and  thus majority of them showed their willingness to form the fisher SHGs.

Open Access Original Research Article

Pragmatic Shift from Conventional to Solar Off-Grid Access to Electricity in Isolated Places

Nimay Chandra Giri, Siba Prasad Mishra, Subhashree Choudhury, Bishnu Prasad Mishra, H. Vennila, Mandapati Roja

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 34-40
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2021/v40i2331490

Facing ever-increasing worldwide energy demand, the reliable and eco-friendly use of green power drive as sources is one of the biggest challenges in 21st century. About  200  million  people  of  India  are  deprived  of  grid power  supply,  prominently  in unreachable hilly and rural locations of the country. Solar energy is a free, green and a leading source of sustainable energy to produce electricity and can overcome the gap between energy demand and generation in the developing countries. Solar energy technologies can be harnessed either through photovoltaic for electrical energy or thermal power for heat generation respectively. Present novel research is an effort to design, connect and suitably apply solar off grid system in an isolated place like at the premises of Centurion University, Odisha. The approach is to develop low cost, ecofriendly, and less energy ingesting solar off-grid systems such as emergency light, street light, and water pumps for suitable locations in-side and out-side of the University. The efficient design of off-grid system plays a vital role in the larger development of solar power generation in the country. The opportunity will helps to upcoming researchers and industry experts to implement environmental friendly solar off-grid system, and welcome to a better tomorrow.

Open Access Original Research Article

Hybrid Time Series Models for Forecasting Maize Production in India

Pramit Pandit, Bishvajit Bakshi, Varun Gangadhar

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 49-57
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2021/v40i2331492

In spite of the immense success of different linear and non-linear time series models in their respective domains, real-world data are rarely pure linear or non-linear in nature. Hence, a hybrid modelling framework with the capability of handling both linear and non-linear patterns can substantially improve the forecasting accuracy. With this backdrop, an effort has been made in this investigation to evaluate the suitability of hybrid models in compassion to single linear or non-linear models for forecasting maize production in India. Data from 1949-50 to 2016-17 have been utilised for the model building purpose while retaining the data from 2017-18 to 2019-20 for the post-sample accuracy assessment. Outcomes emanated from this investigation clearly reveals that the ARIMA-NLSVR model has outperformed all other candidate models employed in this study. It is noteworthy to mention that both the hybrid models have performed better than their individual counterparts. The superior forecasting ability of both the non-linear models over the linear ARIMA model has also been evident.

Open Access Original Research Article

Evaluation of Turnip (Brassica rapa L.) Var PTWG for Yield and Relative Economics under Frontline Demonstrations in District Budgam

Ambreen Nabi, Sabia Akhter, N. A. Dar, Vaseem Yousuf, Khurshid Ahmad Sofi, Iram Farooq, Afroza Akhter

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 58-63
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2021/v40i2331495

The study was conducted to evaluate the turnip variety purple top white globe for yield and yield contributing characters  through front line demonstration in District Budgam for three consecutive years 2018,2019 and 2020.A total of 25 FLD’s were distributed in village Roshanabad of block Narbal, District Budgam. The results obtained reveals that the improved variety was having higher yield and hence better returns to the farmers as compared to the local variety. Study also revealed a wide gap in the production technology of turnip. The farmers themselves observed the difference between the improved variety and local. The yield increase of 57.9% over the control and B:C ratio of 3.48 in demonstration plot (2.13 in control) may be attributed to scientific cultivation method viz proper selection of variety, use of quality seed, seed treatment, proper spacing, recommended dose of fertilizers and integrated pest management.