Open Access Original Research Article

Study of Different Variants of Cv. Langra (Mangifera indica L.) Based on Morphological and Yield Characters

Ankita Anu, Ravindra Kumar, Bishun Deo Prasad, G. S. Yadav

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2930950

Study of morphological and yield characters of different genotypes of mango are easy and convenient methods to identify promising and desired genotype during breeding programme. So, keeping in view, the trial was conducted under the experimental area of  BAU, Sabour with objective of morphological and yields characterization of the variants of cv. Langra during the year 2012-13. The variants of cv. Langra significantly varied in respect of tree height(6.20 m to 11.40 m), trunk girth (95.00 cm to 280.00 cm), tree spread (East-West: 8.45 m to 17.40 m, North-South: 9.15 m to 17.05 m), duration of flowering (16.00 days to 20.00 days), fruit maturity (101.00 days to 123.00 days), fruit size(length: 8.58 to 13.66 cm, breadth: 6.39 to 10.87 cm), fruit weight (182.20 g to 843.90 g), fruit volume (171.40 ml to 699.40 ml), numbers of fruit per tree (32.50 to 1127.00 fruits)  and fruit yield per tree (10.95 to 358.83 kg). These results shows the significant variations in genetic level of different variants of cv. Langra, which can be used for introduction of superior variant and further, it can also be used in breeding programs.

Open Access Original Research Article

Carbon Footprint of Electrostatic Sprayer in Comparison with Air Compression Sprayer and Mistblower

V. Aneesha, D. Dhalin, Seena R. Subhagan, O. P. Reji Rani, Dipak S. Khatawkar

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 20-29
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2930953

This study aimed at finding out the efficacy of electrostatic sprayer on pest control in comparison with mist blower and air compression sprayer. Six pests were selected based on specific characteristics viz. integumental, movement and ecological niche. Energy use efficiency in production and application of pesticides used by different sprayers for the control of selected pests were quantified based on application efficiency, pre and post pest count and reoccurrence of pest infestation after spray. The greenhouse gas emission for the total energy usage for the corresponding quantity of pesticide were computed for all the selected sprayers. The energy use efficiency of electrostatic sprayer was found to be 1.5 times more than that of mist blower and 2 times more than that of air compression sprayers. The chemical usage by electrostatic sprayer was reduced by 65%, and that of knapsack mist blower was 35% with air compression sprayers. The corresponding greenhouse gas emission was only 20% for electrostatic sprayer and 65% for powered mist blower than that of air compression sprayers. The post pest count was almost nil in all the categories of pest while applying with electrostatic sprayer and the reoccurrence of the pest to the threshold level was minimum. This contributes a significant reduction in emission of CO2 when considered globally, and ultimately contribute to mitigation of global warming.

Open Access Original Research Article

Valorization of Local Construction and Technique: Hygrothermal Behavior, Thermal and Visual Comfort of a Nubian Vaulted Construction in Sahelian Climate of Ouagadougou

Fati Zoma, David Y. K. Toguyeni, Barkwendé Jude Kiemtoré, Emmanuel Ouedraogo

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 110-123
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2930963

This study allowed appreciating hygrothermal behavior, thermal comfort and the visual comfort of an existing Nubian vaulted building in the city of Ouagadougou. To achieve that purpose, we measured parameters such as the temperature and relative humidity of the indoor and outdoor environments as well as illumination by daylight inside the studied building. The measurement campaign consisted of two (02) series of three (03) days in January 2018: one series with insulation of the louvered openings by polystyrene and the other series without the insulation. We carried out the measurements of relative humidity and illumination at 7, 10, 12, 15, 17, 20 and 22 o'clock and adopted a one-hour measurement time step for temperatures. The analysis of these parameters showed that the level of natural lighting in the building was insufficient. In addition, for the indoor ambiance, we have obtained indoor thermal amplitude less than 1.5°C, a decrement factor of less than 6%, a time lag of 6 to 8 hours. As for operative temperatures, they are within the thermal comfort zone of the Givonni diagram. As for the couple (Temperature, Relative Humidity), the thermal comfort zone proposed by Givonni is reached when the louver openings are insulated.

Open Access Original Research Article

Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Methylene Blue Adsorption on Polyfurfuryl Alcohol-Derived Templated Carbon and Activated Carbon from H3PO4-Impregnated Moringa oleifera Seed Hull

O. M. Myina, R. A. Wuana, I. S. Eneji, R. Sha’ Ato

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 124-140
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2930964

This work probes the kinetics and thermodynamics of adsorption of methylene blue (MB) from aqueous phase on a templated carbon (TC) synthesized from polyfurfuryl alcohol using kaolinite template at 773 K; and activated carbon produced by the pyrolysis of H3PO4-impregnated Moringa oleifera seed hull (MOSH) at 723 K. Factors such as initial concentration of MB (1-3 mg/50 mL), reaction time (0-60 min.) and temperature (302-328 K) for the process were investigated using isotherms, sorption kinetics and thermodynamics. From the results obtained, adsorption of MB on TC fits both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms well. The Langmuir isotherm describes adsorption of MB on the activated carbon from MOSH (MOSHC) better than the Freundlich isotherm. The adsorption capacities of the active carbons observed for MB were 29.3 mg/g for TC and 29.8 mg/g for MOSHC. The thermodynamic values evaluated:  (14.15 kJ/mol. and 11.48 kJ/mol.),  (87.93 kJ/mol. K and 49.55 kJ/mol. K) and  (7.10 kJ/mol. and 14.26 kJ/mol.) for TC and MOSHC respectively, indicate endothermic and physical nature of adsorption, and enhanced randomness at the adsorbate-adsorbent interface. The sticking probability ( ) values (3.25 x 10–3 and 1.36 x 10–4 for TC and MOSHC respectively) show that the probability of MB molecules sticking on the surfaces of these active carbons is very high, with that for MOSHC being higher. Negative  values (– 12.28 to – 14.68 kJ/mol.K and – 3.56 to – 4.92 kJ/mol.K) for TC and MOSHC respectively, at 302–328 K confirms a spontaneous adsorption process dominated by physisorption. Adsorption of MB on TC supports multilayer formation and was dominated by pseudo-second order kinetics while its adsorption on MOSHC was dominated by pseudo-first order kinetics with a single MB molecule occupying more than one active site. MOSHC, the low-cost adsorbent prepared, is thus very assuring for the removal of organic pollutants like MB from aqueous systems.

Open Access Short Research Article

Weed Management Strategies for Enhanced Productivity in Groundnut

T. Parthipan

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 15-19
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2930952

A field investigation was carried out at Regional Research Station, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Vridhachalam to evaluate suitable weed management strategies for enhanced productivity groundnut. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design with three replications and nine treatments. The treatments included were Pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg/ha as PE, Pendimethalin 30 EC + Imazethapyr 2 EC (ready  mix) @ 1.0 kg/ha as PE, Pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg/ha as PE fb Quizalofop-p-ethyl @ 50 g/ha at 15-20 DAS, Pendimethalin 30 EC + Imazethapyr 2 EC (ready mix) @ 1.0 kg/ha as PE fb Quizalofop-p-ethyl @ 50 g/ha at 15-20 DAS, Pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg/ha as PE fb Imazethapyr @ 75 g/ha at 15-20 DAS, Pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg/ha as PE fb Hand Weeding (HW) at 25-30 DAS, Pendimethalin 30 EC + Imazethapyr 2 EC (ready mix) @ 1.0 kg/ha as PE fb HW at 25-30 DAS, Two hand weeding at 20 and 40 DAS and Weedy check. Application of Pendimethalin 30 EC + Imazethapyr 2 EC (ready mix) @ 1.0 kg/ha on 3rd day after sowing followed by one manual weeding at 25-30 DAS recorded lower weed density of 33.3 No/m2, weed dry weight of 113 g/m2 with higher pod yield of 2400 kg/ha, net return of Rs. 62851/- per ha with BCR of 1.91. Among the herbicide combinations, application of pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg/ha on 3 DAS followed by Imazethapyr @ 75 g/ha at 15-20 DAS recorded pod yield of 1600 kg/ha with Benefit Cost Ratio of 1.38. From this study, it was concluded that application of Pendimethalin 30 EC + Imazethapyr 2 EC (ready mix) @ 1.0 kg a.i//ha on 3 DAS as pre-emergence followed by one hand weeding at 25-30 DAS was identified as efficient and economical weed management practice for groundnut.

Open Access Original Research Article

Diversity Analysis in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Genotypes under Temperate Conditions

Mohd Aslam Dar, Noor-Ul-Saleem Khuroo, Reyaz-Ul-Rouf Mir, Zahoor Ahmad Dar, Parvaze Ahmad Sofi, Sher A. Dar, Bilal Ahmad Lone, Farooq A. Sheikh, Umer Rashid Bhat

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 9-14
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2930951

Genetic diversity study was conducted in 38 chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes using Mahalanobis D2 Statistics. The current research performed at FoA, Wadura Sopore, SKUAST-Kashmir in the rabi 2017-18. In the present study, total seven clusters have been formed and range of D2 values is from 301.78 to 8477.71, cluster II includes maximum 12 genotypes after that cluster I having 9 genotypes, cluster IV having 6 genotypes, cluster Ⅲ and Ⅴ having 4 genotypes, cluster Ⅵ having 2 genotypes and cluster Ⅶ with 1 genotype. 959.33 to 8477.71 is the range of inter cluster distance. Highest inter cluster distance (8477.71) was found between the clusters, Ⅵ and Ⅶ followed by the clusters, Ⅳ and Ⅶ (5814.62), Ⅳ and Ⅴ (5807.441), Ⅴ and Ⅵ (4659.34). The minimum inter-cluster distance (959.33) possessed by clusters, Ⅱ and Ⅲ. After comprehending the intra cluster divergence it has been found that cluster Ⅳ has highest intra cluster distance (637.07) then cluster I (459.16). Since cluster Ⅶ includes only one genotype which indicates that there is no intra cluster divergence. Total nine traits have been evaluated, plant height registered higher divergence (49.25%) then pods plant-1 (36.12%), days to 50% flowering (4.13%) and days to maturity (2.7%), secondary branches plant-1 (3.24%), seed yield plant-1 (1.28%) and primary branches plant-1 (1.14%). The 100-seed weight (1.12%) and seeds pod-1 (1.02%) possesses less divergence. By considering above results the nine genotypes viz., IR-1, IR-3, IR-30, IR-20, IR-21, IR-10, IR-2, IR-7 and IR-31 have been recognized as desired genotypes for use in future breeding programme.

Open Access Original Research Article

Bio-effectiveness of Sabuj Gold as Organic Manure on Cabbage, Cauliflower and French Bean

Eggadi Ramesh, Subhamoy Sikder, Shibnath Basfore

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 30-36
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2930954

The present experiment was laid out in randomized block design maintaining three replications during the Rabi season of 2017-18 on three major Rabi season crops viz., cabbage, cauliflower, and French bean under four treatment viz., Sabuj Gold as principle sole nutrient supplement with recommended organic and inorganic plant protection inputs as well as recommended standard crop-specific inorganic cultivation practice to evaluate the bio-effectiveness of SABUJ GOLD as main organic manure. The result showed that 100% Organic Manure (Sabuj Gold as a primary nutrient supplement) + full organic recommended certified inputs (plant protection measures) had a predominant significant effect on almost all the characters under study, specifically plant height (26.89 cm in cabbage, 45.32 cm in cauliflower and 55.24 cm in French bean), number of primary branches (7.84 in French bean), leaf quantitative parameters, individual head weight in cabbage (1.32 g), curd weight of cauliflower (1.31 g), pod weight (3.37 g) and pod per plant (46.34) in French bean, yield (32.37 t/ha in cabbage, 17.58 t/ha in cauliflower and 8.94 t/ha in French bean), ascorbic acid in cabbage (65.24 mg/100g) and total chlorophyll in cabbage (445.61 mg/100 g). However, 100% Organic Manure (Sabuj Gold as a primary nutrient supplement) + full recommended inorganic supplement (plant protection measures) showed a significant effect on multiple characters such as  germination percentage (88.52 %) and ascorbic acid (31.62 mg/100 g) in cabbage, total chlorophyll (424.75 mg/ 100 g in cauliflower and 134.95 mg / 100g in French bean). From the above discussion, it could be concluded that Sabuj Gold as a substitute for inorganic plant nutrient along with organic or inorganic plant protection measures could be very effective in enhancement of important yield and quality-related characters of different commercially important vegetables.

Open Access Original Research Article

Development of Electrically Aerated Stove for Pyrolyzed Briquettes

O. K. Fadele, M. B. Usman, O. C. Ariyo, U. U. Emeghara, D. O. Adelani, D. O. Oloyede

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 37-43
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2930955

In this study, an electrically aerated stove was developed using locally available materials. The performance of the stove was evaluated by utilizing briquettes produced from pyrolyzed jatropha shell and Eucalyptus camadulensis wood shavings. Thermal parameters such as thermal efficiency, power output, specific fuel consumption and burning rate were determined. The mean values obtained for the thermal efficiency, power output, specific fuel consumption and burning rate were 7.62 %, 1685 J/s, 0.2377 g/g, 330.90 g/hr respectively. The performance of the briquette stove was considered to not be suboptimal. The thermal efficiency can further be improved by proper insulation and adequate utilization of the heat generated in the combustion chamber.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of National Food Security Mission (NFSM) on Growth Rates and Decomposition Analysis of Pulses Production in India

R. Nagarethinam, M. Anjugam

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 44-50
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2930956

This paper investigates the trends in area, production and yield of major pulses in India by using component growth rate, Instability index and decomposition analysis during last twenty years. Further the study period has been divided into three periods based on the implantation of NFSM: Pre NFSM period I (1995 to 2006), Post NFSM period II (2007 to 2016) and Overall period (1995 to 2017). The result of CGR in total pulses revealed that the area (1.87%), production (3.58%) and yield (1.89%) registered highly positive significance with increased growth in period II. The yield growth rate was higher than area growth rate implying that the area allocation under pulses is increasing poorly even after NFSM scheme, while improvement in yield is there. The instability of total pulses production and productivity has first decreased and then increased in the overall period its shows increased growth. Among the major crops, the area effect was high in lentil production and by yield effect was high in gram production and the interaction effect was high in moong production during the overall study period. In case of total pulses, area and yield effects were positively higher and they were responsible for total pulses production.

Open Access Original Research Article

Diversification of Cropping Systems for Different Integrated Farming System Models under Irrigated Situation of Southern Telangana Zone, Telangana, India

Ch. Pragathi Kumari, M. Goverdhan, Knight Nthebere, G. Kiran Reddy, S. H. K. Sharma; A. Aziz Qureshi; Md. Alibaba, K. Chiranjeevi

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 51-60
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2930957

A long-term field experiment was undertaken during the year 2019-20 (third year of the experiment) at college farm, AICRP on Integrated Farming Systems unit, PJTSAU, Hyderabad to evaluate productivity and profitability of cropping systems for different farming systems under irrigated situation on a sandy loam soil of Southern Telangana Zone (STZ), Telangana. Among the ten cropping systems evaluated, sweet corn – vegetable system (tomato) was found to be more remunerative with B:C ratio 3.30 followed by okra – marigold – beetroot system with B:C ratio 3.0. Among the ecological cropping systems for improving soil health, pigeonpea + greengram (1:7) – sesame cropping system recorded higher BC ratio (2.02) compared to Bt cotton + green gram (1:3) – groundnut cropping system (1.78). Out of the two systems evaluated to meet the household nutritional security, pigeon pea + groundnut (1:7) – fingermillet system recorded higher BC ratio (1.85) compared to pigeon pea + maize (1:3) – groundnut. Within the two fodder crops/cropping systems, fodder maize – lucerne system resulted in higher B:C ratio (1.65).

Open Access Original Research Article

Empowerment of Women in Fisheries: Evidence from Ganjam District of Odisha

Priyanka Patra, S. S. Dana, S. B. Ramya Lakshmi

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 61-68
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2930958

The present study was conducted to assess the empowerment level of women in the fisheries sector in the Ganjam district of Odisha. In the inland sector, the highest numbers of women are of the fishermen population in Ganjam district i.e. 29476 out of a total 263514 number of female fisheries population of the state (Directorate of Fisheries, Government of Odisha, 2015). A very good concentration of women is involving in fisheries activities in this district. But when sector-specific cases are concerned, there are very few studies found where different dimensions of women empowerment through fisheries are discussed. The results revealed that the majority of the respondents (66.60%) in the Inland sector are grouped under a medium level of empowerment followed by low and high-level empowerment (16.70%). These results indicated that there is a significant move towards the empowerment of women in the case of inland fisheries. However, in the Marine sector equal percentage of respondents belonged to both medium and high levels of women empowerment i.e. each 30 (50.00%) and low level of empowerment was nil which indicates the level of empowerment in the marine fisheries activities compared to inland fisheries. With this background, the overall empowerment score was categorized into the low, medium, and high level of empowerment where a majority of the respondents (71.6%) were under the medium level of empowerment followed by the equal percentage of the low and high level of empowerment (14.2%). The composite score of empowerment of women is also encouraging. However, efforts are needed to bring women empowerment from medium level to a higher level. There is also a need to uplift a section of women who are still in the lower category of empowerment.

Open Access Original Research Article

Trends and Decomposition of Wheat Production in Western Maharashtra

P. P. Baviskar, U. T. Dangore, A. D. Dhunde, U. P. Gaware, A. G. Kadu

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 69-78
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2930959

The study was aimed to investigate the production performance of wheat in western Maharashtra. The data of 20 years regarding area, production and productivity of wheat was made available through the secondary source for all the districts of the western Maharashtra region. The study period of 1996-97 to 2015-16 was split into two sub periods i.e. period-I (1996-97 to 2005-2006), period-II (2006-07 to 2015-16) and overall period. The growth rates were calculated using the exponential function. The instability in area, production, and productivity was measured with a coefficient of variation (CV) and Cuddy Della Valle’s Instability index. The relative contribution of area and yield to change in output was estimated by Minhas decomposition model. The district-wise analysis was carried out which resulted that, during the period-I and period-II, almost all districts in the western Maharashtra region registered negative growth including the region as a whole. The area and productivity showed stability in wheat crop in almost all the districts of western Maharashtra region. In the western Maharashtra region, among all the parametric models fitted to the area, production and productivity of wheat crop, the maximum R2 was observed in the case of cubic model in all the districts of Western Maharashtra region with the region as a whole. The region as a whole recorded 59 per cent which marked as the highest R2 in productivity as compared to area and production. The decomposition analysis for western Maharashtra region depicted the largest area effect on wheat production. It was also observed that for both periods the area effect was more pronounced than the yield effect and interaction effect. Hence, there is need for policy maker to formulate development-oriented policies and the researchers to design an investigative research activity for promoting a sustainable wheat production system in the region for expansion of area under wheat cultivation.

Open Access Original Research Article

Genetic Relationship and Structural Variation of Root Growth Angle for Deep Rooting in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

R. Arulmozhi, A. John Joel, K. Sathiya Bama, P. Boominathan, R. Suresh

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 79-90
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2930960

Breeding for drought tolerance revolves around selection of genotypes with desirable root characters. Root pattern studies in rice have shown significant relationship with drought tolerance. In order to understand the effects of deep rooting pattern and root growth angle in relation to water stress was assessed following basket method. The Backcross inbred lines (BILs) of ADT (R) 45*1/Apo and ADT (R) 45*1/Wayrarem with drought QTLs viz., qDTY1.1, qDTY3.1, qDTY4.1 and qDTY12.1 were evaluated for various root traits.  Out of 20 BILs and three parental lines studied four BILs showed high values for root growth at deep angle 65-90 °and yield under drought stress. Based on association studies among the root traits positive and significant correlation was observed between yield and root traits viz., root dry weight, root growth at deep angle 65-90° (RA4), ratio of deep rooting and root length. Clustering of BILs and parents have grouped deep rooting BILs and drought tolerant donors into one cluster and drought susceptible ADT (R) 45 into a separate cluster II which clearly indicates, the importance of deep rooting and yield under drought stress. Strong association of root traits and drought tolerance clearly shows the importance in utilization of these traits as selection criteria for drought tolerance in rice.

Open Access Original Research Article

Livelihood Implications of Pulse in an Operating Cropping System

Subham Mandal, Kabita Mondal, Swagata Ghoshal, Dibyendu Pal, Amitava Biswas, S. K. Acharya

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 91-99
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2930961

Aims: To delineate the general status of pulse cultivation and enterprise in West Bengal and estimate the nature, level and direction of interactive relationships among the dependent variables, wages and man-days required in pulse crop cultivation, a set of economic and ecological variables were selected for the study.

Study Design: The locale was selected by purposive sampling technique and the respondents, pulse cultivators, were selected by the simple random sampling method.

Place of Study: Dhanara and Manara GP of the Manbazar-1 and Purulia-1 block of Purulia district in West Bengal were purposively selected for the study.

Methodology: In this study 75 respondents, following pulse cultivation, were selected by the simple random sampling method. A preliminary interview schedule was administered to understand the knowledge, perceptions and attitudes of the people towards climate changes concept, communication and extension system, effect of climate change on pulse production.

The gathered data were analysed with multivariate analysis. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences V20.0 (SPSS) of IBM was used for analyzing the Coefficient of Correlation, Multiple Regression followed by Stepwise Regression.

Results: Education (X2), Size of holding(x6), Cropping Intensity(x8), Distance From Market(x12) and Crop Biodiversity(x16) variables were found to exert strong and determining contribution to estimate dependent variables wages (y1) and man-days (y2) required in pulse crop cultivation and the set of economic and ecological variables as selected for the study.

Conclusion: The present study has uniquely landed on the value of some important empirical revelation. It can be concluded that pulse as a new intern crop enterprise has been responsive to crop biodiversity, soil health management, and distributive nature of land-resource in the form of fragments and also other ecological and economical aspects. This crop has got a big role for stabilizing national economy by putting up a deterrent to export expenditure in procures pulses from outside India.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Foliar Application of Growth Regulators on Vegetative and Physiological Growth Parameters in Ajowan (Trachyspermum ammi L. Sprague)

Y. Rajasekhara Reddy, G. Ramanandam, P. Subbaramamma, A. V. D. Dorajeerao

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 100-109
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2930962

A field experiment was carried out during rabi season of 2018-2019, at college farm, College of Horticulture, Dr. Y.S.R. Horticultural University, Venkataramannagudem, West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh. The experiment was laidout in a Randomised Block Design with eleven treatments (viz., T1- NAA @ 50 ppm, T2-NAA @ 100 ppm, T3-GA3 @ 50 ppm,  T4-GA3 @ 100 ppm, T5-Thiourea @ 250 ppm, T6-Thiourea @ 500 ppm, T7-28-Homobrassinolide @ 0.1 ppm, T8-28-Homobrassinolide @ 0.2 ppm, T9-Triacontinol @ 2.5 ppm, T10-Triacontinol @ 5 ppm, T11-(Control) Water spray) and three replications. The treatments were imposed at 30 and 45 DAT in the form of foliar spray. Foliar application of GA3@ 100 ppm (T4) had recorded the maximum plant height (108.20 cm), leaf area (9.53 cm2) and leaf area index (0.74). Foliar application of thiourea @ 250 ppm (T5) had recorded the maximum values with respect to number of primary branches (15.03 plant-1), number of secondary branches (83.40 plant-1), plant spread (1793 cm2 plant-1), fresh weight (376.29 g plant-1), dry weight (103.54 g plant-1) and number of leaves plant-1((298.8). The same treatment (T5) had recorded the highest values with respect to crop growth rate (1.44 gm-2d-1), chlorophyll-a (1.40 mg g-1), chlorophyll-b (0.076 mg g-1) and total chlorophyll contents (1.48 mg g-1) in the leaves.

Open Access Original Research Article

Modeling User Acceptance of Electronic Voting: An Extended Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) Approach

Oladotun O. Okediran, Mayowa O. Oyediran, Adeyemi A. Sijuade, Wajeed B. Wahab

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 141-153
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2930973

Election voting has emerged as a significant alternative to conventional voting methods with testimonials of its implementation showing various degrees of success in some countries of the western world. Lately, many developing countries are also looking at its prospects as a replacement or supplement for traditional paper balloting which is, the principal voting method in most of these countries. However, the voting populace’ acceptance of this technology is a major factor that needs to be considered before its actual introduction owning to factors that includes, digital divides, low literacy level, norms and beliefs, high poverty level and so on. From another viewpoint, due to the peculiarity of contextual ICT infrastructural challenges of developing countries, there is a need to investigate the factors that will influence adoption decision and eventual usage when planning to introduce electronic voting so that the evolving system will not end up being impractical for the target users. In this study, an empirical investigation of the factors influencing the adoption decision of electronic voting was carried out.  More specifically, this study aimed at examining the possibilities and intents towards mobile voting (which is a type of electronic voting), among a selected sample population of electorates in Nigeria. In the study, an extended Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) that integrates Subjective norm, Perceived compatibility, Perceived privacy, Perceived security, Perceived price value and Perceived trust into the original TAM constructs was proposed. A total of 1364 sample data were collected from a selected population of electorates who had at one time or the other participated in at least an electioneering process in Nigeria.  The data was then analyzed statistically using Partial Least Square           Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). The results obtained show that all variables have significant effect on the electorates’ behavioural intention to use mobile voting except for perceived privacy.