Open Access Review Papers

Climate Smart Agriculture: A New Approach for Sustainable Intensification

Gayatri Sahu, Pragyan Paramita Rout, Suchismita Mohapatra, Sai Parasar Das, Poonam Preeti Pradhan

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 138-147
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2330862

World population is increasing day by day and at the same time agriculture is threatened due to natural resource degradation and climate change. A growing global population and changing diets are driving up the demand for food. The food security challenge will only become more difficult, as the world will need to produce about 70 percent more food by 2050 to feed an estimated 9 billion people. Production stability, agricultural productivity, income and food security is negatively affected by changing climate. Therefore, agriculture must change according to present situation for meeting the need of food security and also withstanding under changing climatic situation. Agriculture is a prominent source as well as a sink of greenhouse gases (GHGs). So, there is a need to modify agricultural practices in a sustainable way to overcome these problems. Developing climate smart agriculture is thus crucial to achieving future food security and climate change goals. It helps the agricultural system to resist damage and recover quickly by adaptation and mitigation strategies. Sustainable Intensification is an essential means of adapting to climate change, also resulting in lower emissions per unit of output. With its emphasis on improving risk management, information flows and local institutions to support adaptive capacity, CSA provides the foundations for incentivizing and enabling intensification. Since climate smart agriculture is defined along three pillars (productivity increases, building resilience and adapting, and GHG emission reduction), key concepts such as productivity, resilience, vulnerability and carbon sequestration provide indicators for future empirical measurements of the climate smart agriculture concept.

Open Access Short Communication

Studies on Testing the Efficacy of Liquid Organic Inputs (Panchagavya and Jeevamruth) on Maize (Zea mays l.) Germination

S. Akila, M. P. Sugumaran, K. Suganya, E. Somasundaram

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 134-137
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2330861

Organic farming is based on the system-oriented approach and the use of an organic liquid product like Panchagavya resulted in higher growth, yield and quality of crops and hence there had been an increasing interest in the use of liquid formulations. The present study was carried out to validate the shelf life of panchagavya and jeevamruth by screening scientifically under in vivo condition using maize (Zea mays). The liquid organic formulations like jeevamruth, panchagavya and the panchagavya formulations with groundnut oil cake and sesame oil as a substitute to ghee were freshly prepared and used for further studies. In all the panchagavya formulations, the root length and shoot length of the maize plants increased as compared to other treatments. The maximum shoot length 20.67 cm and root length of 9.14 cm were recorded in panchagavya treatment and minimum shoot length 18.39 cm and root length of 6.15 cm was recorded in jeevamruth treated seeds. The panchagavya treated seeds registered the maximum vigour index of 2980.

Open Access Original Research Article

Sustainability Modeling Approach on Remanufacturing Conventional Lathe into CNC Machine Tool

Ziyad Tariq Abdullah, Ekhlas Ahmad Abdulrazaq, Sara Saad Ghazi

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-30
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2330853

Aims: Sustainability modeling to study possibility of proposing several remanufacturing alternatives of conventional lathe into CNC machine tool.  

Study Design: Conventional machine tool into CNC machine remanufacturing-upgrading experience is mixed with literature based analysis to weight the criteria and the alternatives of assessment. Global weights are found to rank the alternatives. Suitable literature can be projected comparatively to construct sustainability model. Sustainability assessment models in field of lathe remanufacturing-upgrading are reviewed and modified to accommodate new changes that accompany the current case study.

Place and Duration of Study: Middle Technical University, Institute of Technology-Baghdad, Mechanical Techniques Department, between 2019 and 2020.

Methodology: 1- Literature survey to find out the most used sustainability assessment criteria.

2-Economic, environmental and social criteria specifying.

3-Normilizing weights of criteria.

4- Matching local weights of assessment criteria with fuzzy triangular numbers to find out the whole weights.

5-Senairo based analysis application to find out alternatives of remanufacturing.

6-Weighting alternatives, criteria and sub-criteria.

7- Find global weights and rank the alternatives.

Decision making for selection of remanufactured alternatives and remanufacturing alternatives can include :(1) Spindle , gearbox and dovetail guide ways reuse scenario. (2) Spindle remanufacturing scenario. (3) Gearbox remanufacturing scenario. (4) Dovetail guide ways remanufacturing scenario.(5) Spindle and gearbox remanufacturing scenario. (6) Spindle and dovetail guide ways remanufacturing scenario. (7) Spindle, gearbox and dovetail guide ways remanufacturing scenario. Alternatives in field of machine tools remanufacturing are reviewed. Experience in field of machine tool remanufacturing is exploited to remodeling the existence models to optimize a remanufactured lathe into CNC machine case study.

Results: Emerging technology aided Conventional-CNC lathe remanufacturing-upgrading alternative exhibits good behavior of criteria toward optimization. While advanced technology aided Conventional-CNC lathe remanufacturing exhibits behavior to be of interesting developing potentials. Conventional-Conventional lathe remanufacturing is of lower potentials to be developed into optimum solution.

Conclusion: Remanufacturing-upgrading of conventional lathe into CNC machine in its mechanical part, it is merely traditional remanufacturing process of conventional lathe where gearbox can be eliminated due to use of motorized axis. Feed rod and lead screws, in both forward and transvers directions, can be replaced with motorized ball screws. Also tool post can be replaced with automatic tool changer while saddle can be reused. The most promising technological key is the use of mate/insert/screw to assembly ball guide ways to disable dovetail guide ways and highlight structural specifications of CNC lathe. Thus precision, accuracy, repeatability and reliability will be enhanced considerably. Comparative literature based analysis and experience based analysis with uncertainty reduction can substitute the leak of relevant data acquisition for remanufacturing-upgrading modeling. Which enables simplify certain difficulties and the calculations of some criteria and adopts simplified methods so that theoretic and practical gap can be directed towards certain actual conditions to reach the optimum solution.

Open Access Original Research Article

Studies on Photosynthetic Rate, Anatomical Characters, and Grain Yield in Finger Millet Genotypes

Y. A. Nanja Reddy

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 31-39
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2330854

Finger millet (Eleusine coracana L. Gaertn.) yield improvement has been achieved through development of blast resistant varieties and adoption of appropriate management practices. However, yield improvement is approaching stagnation and further improvement could be possible by inclusion of physiological traits in addition to yield per se. In this direction, nine selected genotypes for high net assimilation were compared with popular Cv. GPU-28 for photosynthetic, anatomical, and yield contributing traits to identify a better genotype and physiological traits associated with grain yield. Results revealed that the photosynthetic rate did not differ significantly between genotypes, but influenced the grain yield through increased earhead size and harvest index. Path analysis showed a direct positive effect of photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, mean earhead size and productive tillers towards grain yield. The photosynthetic rate was positively associated with leaf lamina thickness and vein frequency. Therefore, for finger millet yield improvement, traits like photosynthetic rate/ transpiration rate and mean earhead size with 3 to 4 tillers could be selected. Variety, GPU-28 which is widely cultivated had better photosynthetic traits and grain yield attributes, this variety can be used as important baseline check for both photosynthetic rate and grain yield in finger millet yield improvement programmes.

Open Access Original Research Article

Remanufacturingability Modeling Approach on Remanufacturing Conventional Machine into CNC Machine Tool

Ziyad Tariq Abdullah

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 40-63
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2330855

Aims: Assess to find the most suitable remanufacturing portfolio alternatives to restore dovetail guide ways and saddles of machine tools.

Study Design: Comparative literature based analysis adoption to apply a series of assessments to find the remanufacturability of best restoration portfolio alternative where portfolios are developed by using scenario based analysis and results are optimized using remanufacturing experience based analysis.

Place and Duration of Study: Middle Technical University, Institute of Technology-Baghdad, Mechanical Techniques Department, between January 2020 and July 2020.

Methodology:

  1. Literature survey aided remanufacturing assessment case studies elicitation.
  2. Sample of published papers re-representation to highlight the findings of discussions and conclusions of these papers.
  3. Graphical representation of results is also applied.
  4. Study of published papers sample allows isolation of criteria, weighting of criteria, weighting of alternatives, global weights calculation and alternatives ranking of remanufacturing portfolio alternatives to restore dovetail guides ways and saddles of machine tools.

Conclusion: Series of different assessments with different groups of criteria lead to propose hypotheses to be highlighted to continue application of comparative literature based assessment, proposed hypotheses include:

  1. As much as uniform is the Rank-Global weights curve of portfolio alternatives the more consistent is the assessment matrix.
  2. Technical viability of remanufacturing portfolio will lead to economic and environmental viabilities.
  3. Economic and environmental viabilities necessarily can certain remanufacturability and will lead to social viability.
  4. Technical, economic, environmental and social viabilities will lead to sustainability.
  5. Integrated technical viability of a remanufacturing portfolio is an integration of derivatives of technical viabilities of processes consist the portfolio.
  6. Comparative literature based assessment is a powerful tool under the mixture of remanufacturing experience based analysis and scenario based analysis.
  7. Remanufacturability assessment, technical viability assessment and partial sustainability assessment can be mixed to develop comprehensive remanufacturing sustainability assessment.

Grinding-Mechanical Cladding is assembly based remanufacturing to improve machine tool remanufacturability and sustainability.

Open Access Original Research Article

Decomposition Analysis of Mango Production by Adopting Good Agricultural Practices in Tamil Nadu

B. Kavitha, M. Uma Gowri

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 64-74
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2330856

Adoption of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) aids in endorsing optimum utilization of resources with eco-friendly agriculture to ensure safety supply of food. This study was carried out to apply decomposition analysis for segmenting productivity changes due to adoption of good agricultural practices in mango cultivation. The output decomposition model was used for investigating the contribution of various constituent sources to the productivity difference between the GAP farming and the conventional methods of mango cultivation. The difference in technology contribution for total productivity variation alone was higher with 75.59 per cent and 93.17 per cent which could reveal that the farmers have obtained 75.59 per cent and 93.17 per cent more output per hectare by adopting good agricultural practices when compared to conventional borrowers and conventional non borrowers respectively. The contribution of differences in input use level to the productivity difference was meager at 11.40 per cent and 0.69 per cent for conventional borrowers and conventional non borrowers respectively. The mango farmers practicing good agricultural practices obtained higher output by spending slightly more on the inputs compared to those practicing conventional method. Therefore, concentrated efforts needs to be made to encourage the farmers to adopt Good Agricultural Practices to get real eco-friendly benefits.

Open Access Original Research Article

Efficacy of Iron Fortification to Augment the Nutritional Quality of Some Winter Season Leafy Vegetables

Kshouni Das, Ranjit Chatterjee, Trisha Sinha

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 75-83
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2330857

Iron is one of the most important micronutrients essential for human subsistence which is available in our diet through different vegetables (leafy vegetables, leguminous vegetables, cruciferous vegetables, cucurbits, potato, sweet potato, drumstick etc.) but especially the leafy vegetables. The different leafy vegetables are the reservoir of different vitamins and minerals that mostly include calcium, phosphorous and iron. Iron deficiency leads to anaemia is a threat throughout the world, more specifically found in women and children. Enrichment of iron content of these leafy vegetables can be achieved through iron fertilization which may play vital role to alleviate the problem of anaemia. Besides this, less bioavailability of non heme iron content (iron in plants) is also a big challenge. Considering these two factors, an experimental study was conducted in factorial randomized block design with three replications during the winter season of the year of 2018-19 at UBKV, Pundibari, Cooch Behar to evaluate the status of iron enrichment in ten (10) popular green leafy vegetables (Amaranthus, buck wheat leaves, coriander leaves, fenugreek leaves, garden pea leaves, Malva leaves, mustard leaves, onion leaves, palak leaves, radish leaves). Ferrous sulphate heptahydrate (FeSo4, 7H2O, 16% Fe) was applied as a source of iron fertilizer in three different modes (Soil, foliar and combination of soil and foliar) along with control. Application of iron fertilizer significantly increased the leaf iron content and it showed synergistic effect on other quality parameters like ascorbic acid content, vitamin A content, and total chlorophyll content of the leafy vegetables. Highest leaf iron content at first (22.43 mg/100 g), second (21.30 mg/100 g) and third (20.26 mg/100 g) harvesting  was found in Amaranthus from the treatment of 100% of recommended dose (0.5 g/lit of water) of ferrous sulphate heptahydrate (FeSo4, 7H2O, 16% Fe) through foliar spray at 4 weeks after sowing (T2L1).Therefore, iron fortification of leafy vegetables through ferrous sulphate heptahydrate (FeSo4, 7H2O, 16% Fe) application might be a feasible alternative to mitigate the problem of iron deficiency anaemia as well as to meet the daily needs of iron through consumption of iron rich leafy vegetables.

Open Access Original Research Article

Social Maturity of Tribal Adolescents in Relation to Their Family Climate

K. Samhitha, P. Sreedevi

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 84-88
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2330858

Aims: The present study was undertaken to find out the relationship between social maturity of the tribal adolescents and their perceptions on their family climate.

Study Design: Ex-post factor research design was used for the study.

Methodology: A total sample of 120 adolescents out of which 60 boys and 60 girls in the age range of 13-19 years were selected through purposive random sampling method. The study was conducted in Adilabad District of Telangana State. Social maturity of the respondents was assessed by using Rao’s Social Maturity Scale. Perceptions of the tribal adolescents on their family climate were assessed by using Family climate Scale by Dr Beena Shah (2001). The data was analysed using Pearson correlation coefficient.

Results: The results revealed that, attributes like Freedom, Indulgence, Partiality, Warmth, Trust, Expectations showed significant and positive correlation with social maturity.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Water Soluble Fertilizers on Yield, Oil Content and Economics of Groundnut

V. Manasa, N. S. Hebsur, L. H. Malligawad, R. Gobinath, B. Ramakrishna

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 89-96
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2330859

A field experiment was conducted at Main Agricultural Research Station (MARS), University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, to know the effect of water soluble fertilizers on growth, yield and oil content of groundnut (Cv TAG 24)The experiment was conducted in a Vertisol with ten treatment combinations consisting of FYM and different doses of recommended NPK as basal soil application and foliar spray of water soluble fertilizers at 30, 45 and 60 days after sowing in a Randomized complete block design with three replications. Application of FYM + 100% RDF + foliar spray of fertilizers at 30, 45 and 60 DAS showed higher pod yield (5615 kg/ha) which was 22% higher over application of 100% RDF alone (4601 kg/ha). But the crop was equally responsive in increasing the pod yield, when RDF was reduced by 15% along with foliar application of water soluble grade fertilizer. The yield components, kernel yield (3892 kg/ha), haulm yield (8916 kg/ha), total number of pods plant-1 (33.80), =sound mature kernels (88.67) and oil yield (1858 kg/ha) were highest in the treatment of FYM + 100% RDF + foliar spray of fertilizers over rest of the treatments. But the highest Benefit cost ratio (4.40) was found in the treatment of FYM + 85% RDF + foliar application of fertilizers followed by the treatment of FYM + 100% RDF + foliar application of fertilizers (4.36) whereas the lowest B: C ratio (3.91) was observed in control.

Open Access Original Research Article

Conventional Lathe Remanufacturing into CNC Machine Tool: Uncertainty Modeling Approach

Ziyad Tariq Abdullah

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 97-133
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2330860

Aims: Uncertainty modeling to study possibility of proposing several remanufacturing alternatives of conventional lathe into CNC machine tool.

Study Design: Conventional lathe into CNC machine remanufacturing-upgrading experience is used to project the suitable literature comparatively to construct uncertainty modeling. Faults modes of conventional lathe are studied to propose different remanufacturing solution based on faults literature viewpoints in field of lathe remanufacturing-upgrading, which are reviewed and modified to accommodate new changes that can accompany the current case study.

Place and Duration of Study: Middle Technical University, Institute of Technology-Baghdad, Mechanical Techniques Department, between January 2020 and July 2020.

Methodology: Decision making for selection of remanufactured alternatives and remanufacturing portfolio alternatives in field of lathe remanufacturing are reviewed. Experience in field of lathe remanufacturing is exploited to remodeling of existence models to optimize a remanufactured lathe into CNC machine as a case study. Methodology can be concluded into:-

  • Literature survey to find two paths of:
  • Faults and their statutes study.
  • Remanufacturing portfolio study.
  • Literature re-presentation and modeling.
  • Literature results graphical modeling.
  • Mathematical modeling of remanufacturability.
  • Restoration alternative modeling
  • Modeling of uncertainty.

Results: Emerged technology aided conventional lathe into CNC lathe remanufacturing alternative exhibits good behavior of criteria toward optimization. While Advanced technology aided conventional lathe into CNC lathe remanufacturing alternative exhibits behavior to be of interesting ability to be a reservoir of developing potentials. Conventional technology aided conventional lathe remanufacturing alternative is of lower potentials to be developed into optimum solution.

Conclusion: Remanufacturing-upgrading of conventional lathe into CNC machine in its mechanical part, it is merely traditional remanufacturing process of conventional lathe. Developing potentials can include that gearbox can be eliminated due to use of motorized axis, feed rod and lead screws, in both forward and transvers directions, can be replaced with motorized ball screws. Also tool post can be replaced with automatic tool changer while dovetail guide ways and saddles can be reused. Comparative literature based analysis and experience based analysis for uncertainty reduction can substitute the leak of relevant data acquisition for decision-making in field of remanufacturing. Uncertainty reduction modeling can enable simplify certain difficulties, the calculation of some criteria and adopting of simplified analysis methods so that theoretic and practical gap can be directed towards certain actual conditions to reach the optimum solution.

Open Access Original Research Article

On-farm Evaluation of Rice-groundnut Sequence vis-a-vis Rice-rice Cropping System under Limited Irrigated Situations of Telangana, India

Md. Latheef Pasha, S. Sridevi, M. Goverdhan, G. Kiran Reddy, Md. Alibaba

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 148-155
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2330863

Crop diversification with resource efficient and remunerative cropping systems is a sustainable agricultural practice. On farm evaluation with an improved cropping system of rice-groundnut vis-a-vis farmers’ practice of rice-rice was conducted in ten farmer’s fields of Medak district of Telangana state. Crop diversification with Rice-groundnut realized 7.3% (881 kg ha-1) higher mean rice grain equivalent yield (12969 kg ha-1) over farmer’s practice of cultivation of rice-rice (12,088 kg ha-1). Mean technology and extension gaps were 2,231 kg ha-1 and 881 kg ha-1 respectively.  Technology index ranged from 8.8 to 23.7% with an average value of 14.7%. The mean gross and net returns of improved cropping system were Rs 1,92,930 and 1,09,658 ha-1, while that of farmers practice was Rs 1,81,320 and 83,955 ha-1 respectively.  On an average a B C ratio of 2.3 was earned in improved cropping system as against the 1.9 under farmers practice. The mean additional returns in improved cropping system were Rs 13,210 ha-1 with a mean effective gain of Rs 27,303 ha-1. Improved cropping system registered a mean total productivity per day of 35.5 kg ha-1 day-1 with a mean profitability of Rs 300 day-1. Average Production Use Efficiency of improved cropping system was 56.4 kg ha-1 day-1, while that of farmer’s practice was 49.3 kg ha-1 day-1.  The edge in productive economic parameters in terms of Mean Relative Productive Use Efficiency and Relative Economic Efficiency were 7.3 and 30.6 respectively and were indicating the profitability of improved cropping system.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Knowledge of Waste Recycling for Socio Ecological Improvement of Kalyani and Jalpaiguri Municipal Areas of West Bengal, India

Arindam Ghosh, Dibyendu Pal, Amitava Biswas, S. K. Acharya

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 156-170
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2330864

Waste is a ceaselessly developing issue at worldwide and territorial just as at neighborhood levels. Due to vigorous globalization and product proliferation in recent years, more waste has been produced by the soaring manufacturing activities. The social ecology of waste recycling implies the structural, functional and managerial intervention of waste generation process. The specific objective of the research was to isolate and identify the system variables characterizing and the management of waste recycling process and to estimate intra and inter level of interaction amongst and between the variables for respective, inductive and interactive contribution. The present study takes a look into the approach, process and impact of ongoing waste management process, followed by the both Kalyani and Jalpaiguri municipalities. A set of agro-ecological, socio-economic and techno managerial factors have been developed by selecting two sets of operating variables. 21 independent variables and one dependent variable i.e. knowledge of waste recycling (y2) were selected for the research. Total one fifty respondents, seventy five from each municipal area have been selected by systematic random sampling. A basket of multivariate analytic techniques have been carried out to isolate and interpret the variables. Throughout the study it has been observed that in terms of variable behavior and responses there has been stark differences between Jalapaiguri and Kalyani where as some few variables like education, impact of waste management and recycling on health, water and micro flora and fauna have recorded the distinct contribution, for Jalpaiguri expenditure, volume of waste generation from household, impact of waste management on soil have gone in the determinant way. But in both municipal areas perception of environmental impact of waste management have recorded equal contribution. So it can be said that improper waste management leads to ecological damage and knowledge of waste recycling will reduce improper waste disposal and save our environment and ecology.

Open Access Original Research Article

Validation of Markers Linked to Yield under Drought, Blast Resistance and Assessment of Polymorphism among the Donors for Use in Marker Assisted Selection in Rice

B. Vishalakshi, B. Umakanth, G. Usha, P. Senguttuvel, M. S. Prasad, Y. Hari, P. Sudhakar, A. Krishna Satya, M. S. Madhav

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 181-190
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2330866

Rice is one of the most widely cultivated crop species in the world. Drought, a major constraint in upland rice (Oryza sativa L.) led to the unstable yields. The inconsistent yields often aggravated by the severe incidence of blast disease in many areas of rainfed ecosystem. To improve upland rice, introgression of two traits viz., yield under drought stress and blast resistance is highly essential. We validated the markers linked to the qDTY12.1 (exhibits grain yield under drought stress) and two important blast resistance genes (Pi1 and Pi54) among the 12 important rice genotypes to use these markers in the foreground selection. Parental polymorphic survey was also conducted among the donor for the yield under drought (Vandana NIL possessing qDTY12.1), upland rice variety Varalu and donor for blast resistance (line possessing Pi1 and Pi54 genes) using 500 SSR markers distributed across the genome. The polymorphism between Varalu, Vandana NIL is 30% whereas it is 24% between Varalu, blast donor and around 16% between three parents. The identified polymorphic markers which are linked to the genes as well as the parental polymorphic markers are useful to carry out foreground and background selection in marker assisted selection programme. In addition, the markers lies proximal and distal ends of the target genes from the respective chromosomes were also identified which can be used in recombinant selection. Thus the results emanated from this investigation are useful for the combining yield under drought and blast resistance traits through molecular breeding programme for development of rice variety suitable to the rainfed ecosystem.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of Nutrient Requirement in Little Millet under Central Dry Zone of Karnataka

B. Mamatha, Nagappa Desai, K. V. Anitha

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 191-196
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2330867

A field experiment was conducted in Patrehalli, Tiptur taluk, Tumkur district of Karnataka where soil was deficient in available potassium, to study assessment of nutrient requirement in little millet under central dry zone of Karnataka. The experiment was laid out in RCBD design comprising 3 treatments replicated seven times. Treatment details are, T1: Control, T2: FYM +NPK (20:20:0 kg ha-1) - UAS Bengaluru, T3: FYM+ 30:15:15 kg ha-1 - UAS Dharwad. The results revealed that significantly higher grain and straw yield (2.14 q ha-1 and 15 q ha-1) and also recorded highest nutrient available of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (197, 35 and 136 kg ha-1) by little millet was recorded in treatment which received 30: 15: 15 kg N: P2O5: K2O ha-1 along with FYM at 6.25 t ha-1 as compared to control. The results of the present study evidently concluded that the application of 30: 15: 15 kg N: P2O5: K2O ha-1 along with FYM at 6.25 t ha-1 under rainfed condition is beneficial for getting higher yield of little millet as well as higher benefit cost ratio (15.00) as compared to the control in low potassium soils of Tumkur district of Karnataka.

Open Access Review Article

Acta Biologica Szegediensis: A Bibliometric Analysis (1997-2019)

Mario Gajdacs

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 171-180
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2330865

Aims: Scientometrics is a field concerned with the qualitative and quantitative analysis of scientific publications, which are frequently used in the field of library and information sciences. The aim of this study to present a general overview of the journal Acta Biologica Szegediensis (ABS) from 1997 to 2019 (a 23-year period) using bibliometric indicators.

Methodology: The data analysed in this study was extracted from the Scopus database. The information was exported in RIS file format to the Harzing’s Publish or Perish 7.22 and VOSviewer 1.6.15 for data analysis. Clusters and co-occurrence networks of the authors and keywords of the published documents were generated.

Results: The number of documents published in ABS during the study period was n=795, the most frequently published document type was „original article” (n=534, 67.2%). Articles published between 1997 and 2019 were cited 4289 times overall, averaging in 5.39 citations per paper and 186.5 cites/year. The average number of authors per paper increased consistently throughout the years (from 2.82 to 4.23).

Conclusion: ABS is in a unique position; while it is primarily a journal of the University of Szeged, it has received increasing attention from an international scientific audience, both from molecular and supra-individual biologists, pharmacists and other medical scientists. The submission of additional articles from a wider audience would definetly strengthen the international reach and scientific impact of the journal.