Open Access Original Research Article

Satisfaction Level of Insured Farmers about Crop Insurance Schemes in Northern Karnataka

S. K. Jamanal, K. V. Natikar, S. V. Halakatti

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v38i430370

Universally agriculture is perceived to be synonymous with risk and uncertainty. Agricultural insurance is one of the risk management strategies to overcome risk to the greater extent. It helps in stabilization of farm production and income of the farming community. Crop insurance will not only helps the farmers to withstand the shock from uncertain situations but also acts as incentive to use the resources efficiently and achieve higher level of productivity. The study was conducted in Karnataka State during the year 2017-18 by using the "Ex-post- facto” research design. Belgavi, Dharwad, Haveri and Vijayapura districts were selected purposively based on more number of insured farmers. Further, two taluks from each district and from each taluk three villages (i.e. total 24 villages) were selected randomly. The sample size for the study was 240. The findings of the study revealed that fifty-one per cent (51.67%) of the insured farmers had low level of satisfaction with respect to crop insurance schemes followed by medium (32.92%) and high (15.41%). The variables such as education, land holding, annual income, extension contact and mass media exposure exhibited positive significant relationship at five per cent level of probability with the satisfaction level of insured farmers. The coefficient of determination (R2) was 0.450 which indicated that 45.00 per cent of the variation in satisfaction level of insured farmers was together explained by all the independent variables. In the present study farmers satisfaction was found to be low. Thus, concerned officers should conduct awareness programmes, inform the farmers on or before conducting the Crop Cutting Experiment, make the loss assessment procedure flexible and hassle free and disperse the claim before starting of the next season.

Open Access Original Research Article

Commercial Microalgae Culture in Inorganic Fertilizer Media

Sandra E. Ezeani, Gideon O. Abu

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v38i430372

Algal biomass production using relatively and locally available NPK formulated media has been identified as a key factor in commercial algal biomass production. The suitability of agricultural fertilizer as a growth medium for commercial algae cultivation was assessed using NPK 15:15:15, NPK 20:20:20 and composite medium of NPK 15:15:15+ BG11, while BG11 was used as a control medium. Microalgae Chlorella species was cultivated in these NPK formulated media at ambient temperature under solar irradiation for a period of 15 days. The cell biomass was determined by the optical density at 660nm, cell dry weight and total chlorophyll content were also determined. The maximum value for cell biomass of 0.356 mg/L, total chlorophyll content of 0.0.493 mg/ml and cell dry weight of 0.0185 mg/L achieved in the composite medium was closer to the values of 0.389 mg/L, 0.531 mg/ml and 0.2121 mg/L for cell biomass concentration, total chlorophyll content and dry cell weight respectively for BG11 medium. Although NPK 15:15:15 and NPK 20:20:20 media achieved lower values for cell biomass, total chlorophyll, and cell dry weight, there is no significant statistical difference between the media. This study suggests that inorganic fertilizer can be a relatively cost-effective and locally available substitute for commercial algae biomass production.

Open Access Original Research Article

Comparative Analysis of the 2009-2018 Curricula of Life Science Course in Turkey

E. Seda Koc

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v38i430373

This study was conducted to determine the similarities and differences between the curricula of  2009 and 2018 Primary School Life Science Course (1st, 2nd and 3rd Grades) in terms of the curriculum elements (purposes, content, education-teaching process, assessment and evaluation). The data of the study, which was conducted in accordance with the case study model, were analyzed by making use of the “document analysis” technique. According to the findings obtained in the study, it was determined that there are many common/similar acquisitions in the curricula; that curriculum of 2018 has a relatively richer structure in terms of personal quality and values but some of the fundamental skills found in the previous curriculum are not included in. It is seen that a more comprehensive and systematic presentation is preferred for the curriculum of 2009 and there are some deficiencies in the curriculum of 2018 in relation to the elements of the curriculum in question. Similarly, it was also found out that quite limited knowledge is presented in the curriculum of 2018 about assessment-evaluation activities.

Open Access Original Research Article

Amylolytic Potential of Oleaginous Yeast in Sago Processing Wastewater (SWW) under Submerged Fermentation

Kiruthika Thangavelu, Pugalendhi Sundararaju, Naganandhini Srinivasan, Sivakumar Uthandi

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v38i430374

Sago processing wastewater was assessed for their suitability as growth substrates using oleaginous yeasts, for the production of a useful enzyme (amylase) under submerged fermentation (SmF). Sago wastewater (pH was adjusted to 6) containing starch concentration (10% w/v) were inoculated with yeast strain and incubated at 30ºC for 10 d in an incubator shaker (150 rpm). The results of the amylase activity of oleaginous yeast and in its substratum SWW were compared with the different processing wastes (potato peel, banana peel, cassava peel, corn residue, rice husk, wheat bran, yam peel and barley husk) and oleaginous yeasts (Rhodotorula mucilaginosa, Saccharomyces pastorianus, Lipomyces starkeyi and Rhodotorula glutinis). Compared to other oleaginous yeast, our yeast strain found to produce higher amylase activity of 1.51 IU mL-1. Furthermore, SWW produced more amylase activity than the other compared wastes. This research finding illustrates the environmental friendly and alternate use of sago processing wastewater, towards their valorization as substrates for valuable enzymes and chemical production.

Open Access Original Research Article

Brand Trust and Brand Loyalty: A Moderation and Mediation Perspective

Sean Kwan Soo Shin, Fortune Edem Amenuvor, Richard Basilisco, Kwasi Owusu-Antwi

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-17
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v38i430376

This study aims to empirically test the effect of brand trust on brand commitment and brand loyalty while examining the mediating and moderating roles of brand commitment and brand reputation respectively. To achieve this aim, data is collected from 412 smartphone users in South Korea. The hypotheses advanced to achieve this aim are tested through the structural equations modeling technique. The results of the study reveal that brand trust and brand commitment positively and significantly influence brand loyalty. The study further finds that brand trust is positively and significantly related to brand commitment, while the latter mediates the relationship between brand trust and brand loyalty. Equally, the study finds support for the moderating role of brand reputation on the relationship between brand trust and brand commitment. The study provides managerial and theoretical illuminations into comprehending brand trust, brand commitment, brand reputation, and brand loyalty.

Open Access Original Research Article

An Economic Analysis of Share and Importance of Livestock in Household Economy of the Farmers

Yasmeen ., Suresh S. Patil, Amrutha T. Joshi, G. M. Hiremath, B. G. Koppalkar, Jagjiwan Ram

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v38i430377

Livestock production is the backbone of Indian agriculture and source of employment in rural areas since centuries, in which the entire system of rural economy has revolved around it. Livestock was revealed with multi-faceted contribution to socio-economic development of rural masses. Due to the inelastic absorptive capacity for labour in other economic sectors, livestock sector has greater scope for generating more employment opportunities, especially for the marginal and small farmers and landless labourers who own around 70 per cent of the country’s livestock. The study was conducted to know the role of livestock in farmer’s economy in North-eastern Karnataka (NEK) region of Karnataka state. In the study area milch buffaloes were reared by the farmers as they preferred buffalo milk for home consumption than cow milk. Further, it was easier to maintain buffaloes than cross-bred milch cow. All the farmers used paddy crop as dry fodder since they produced it, but landless labourers purchased the same. For each litre of milk produced the marketed surplus was 88 and 90 per cent for crossbred and local cow milk followed by 84 and 80 per cent for crossbred and local buffalo milk. The total income from dairy enterprise was earned by large and small farmers with relatively higher than landless labourers and marginal farmers, which was due to the large and small farmers had maintained more number of crossbred cows than landless labourers and marginal farmers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Research and Capstone Project Electronic Repository

Sarah Jean W. Lalisan, Noel P. Sobejana

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v38i430378

Aims: Higher Education Institutions are challenged to manage research and capstone projects output available through open access is something that is increasingly mandated by funders and universities in many countries.

Study Design: This is to widen the dissemination of results to the community which information technology practices and theory can address.

Place and Duration of Study: This project tries to investigate the possible outcomes by developing an online repository for research and capstone project in Southern Philippines Agri-Business and Marine and Aquatic School of Technology that can deposit students output, register various accounts, log transactions and an interactive website.

Methodology: Innovative research approach is being manifested in the development that uses modified waterfall, white-box testing and survey-type methodologies are being highlighted.

Results: The website is successfully developed with specific functionality on referencing, data storage, data security, data extraction and some special functionalities. The fifty evaluators gave very agreeable results to the reliability, functionality and usability of the website.

Conclusion: Although, the system is functional and evaluated very agreeable to the respondents the testing is very crucial that proper monitoring should be in place in the entire plan.

Open Access Review Article

Climate Smart Agriculture and Its Implementation Challenges in Africa

Behailu Legesse Kaptymer, Jemal Abdulkerim Ute, Musa Negeso Hule

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v38i430371

The changing climate is hitting smallholder farmers hard. It is doing so especial in the African continent which is regularly pronounced as most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.  Climate change brings droughts and floods, pests and diseases; it means poorer crops, less food, and lower incomes. Agriculture in Africa must undergo a major transformation in the coming decades in order to meet the intertwined challenges of achieving food security, reducing poverty and responding to climate change without depletion of the natural resource base. Climate-smart agriculture seeks to increase productivity in an environmentally and socially sustainable way, strengthen farmers’ resilience to climate change, and reduce agriculture’s contri­bution to climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing carbon storage on farmland. Climate-smart agriculture includes practical techniques including mulch­ing, conservation agriculture, integrated crop-livestock management, crop rotation, intercropping, agro forestry, improved grazing, and improved of water management system. In spite of the potential of Climate Smart Agriculture to improve resilience and to enhance agricultural production and rural livelihoods, systematic response to climate change through adoption of Climate Smart Agriculture practices and technologies is still very limited in Africa for a host of reasons. some of the challenges facing Climate-smart agriculture in Africa includes, Lack of practical understanding of the approach; Lack of data and information and appropriate analytical tools at local and national levels; Inadequate coordinated, supportive and enabling policy frameworks; Lack of adequate and innovative financing mechanisms and effective risk-sharing schemes; Limited credit and finance and Poor physical and social infrastructure to mention few.  To support the implementation of climate-smart agriculture and resolve the challenges in Africa, it is necessary to improve the coordination of policies and strengthen local, national and regional institutions.