##### Impact of Epilepsy on Marriages in People with Epilepsy: An Ethnographic Evaluation

Neha Wasal

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v37i530341

Epilepsy is considered as a stigma in our society. This becomes more prominent among those who are in marriageable age. In this paper 21 PWE who attended an outpatient epilepsy clinic at a secondary-level hospital in Northwest India between 01.01.2015 and 31.03.2015 formed the case material for this study. Four cases were deeply interrogated and it was found that all of them denied the revealing of epilepsy to their prospect marriage partners. Two of them also denied of revealing them about taking ADE’S. It was found that PWE’s face many social and psychological problems while marriage negotiations and even after marriage.

##### Instability and Trend in Area, Production and Productivity of Rice Crop in Haryana and India

Mohit Nain, Nisha ., Sanjeev ., D. R. Aneja

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v37i530303

The study examined the performance of rice production in Haryana and India during 47 years period, 1966/1967 to 2012/2013, consisting of five sub-periods i.e. P-I (1966/1967 to 1975/1976), P-II (1976/1977 to 1985/1986), P-III (1986/1987 to 1995/1996), P-IV (1996/1997 to 2005/2006) and P-V (2006/2007 to 2012/2013). Quantitative analysis is used to perform linear and exponential functions estimation using exclusively secondary data. The study reveals positive trends in area, production and yield of rice for both Haryana and India. The production of rice at the state level and at country level increased mainly due to increase in area. Similar results are obtained on triennium bases. Area, production and yield of rice crop have shown positive growth rates in Haryana during entire study period and five sub-periods, except for the yield in P-V. The overall trend in production of rice crop for India was found to be similar to that of Haryana; yield has shown positive growth rates during the entire study period and five sub-periods while negative growth rates were observed in area under the rice crop during P- IV and P-V.

##### Study of the Output Electric Parameters of the Sub-cells Composing the Ga0.67In0.33P/GaAs/Ga0.70In0.30As Triple-Junction Photovoltaic Cell and its Performance in Real Environment:Cases of Bujumbura and Bugarama in Burundi

N. Ndorere, B. Kounouhewa, M. B. Agbomahena

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v37i530304

Multi-junction photovoltaic cells composed of III-V semiconductor materials are widely used in photovoltaic systems. They offer very high efficiencies compared to single-junction photovoltaic cells. Knowledge of the behavior of their electrical parameters in real operating conditions is essential for their best use. This work presents an analytical model for predicting the behavior of the output electrical parameters of the sub-cells composing the Ga0.67In0.33P/GaAs/Ga0.70In0.30As triple junction photovoltaic cell, operating under the actual conditions of two selected sites. The dependence of the external quantum efficiency at the wavelengths corresponding to the absorption ranges of the top (Ga0.67In0.33P), middle (GaAs) and bottom (Ga0.70In0.30As) sub-cells is analyzed and discussed. The influence of temperature and irradiation on the V oc ,J sc, F F and η parameters is discussed taking into account the meteorological characteristics of two selected locations. An average daily conversion efficiency of the Triple-Junction solar cell of 37.24% and a daily electrical power of 1613.1 W/m2 for the typical day(TD) of the sunniest month of the Bujumbura site were found. Similarly, under the same conditions, for the Bugarama site, we found an average daily efficiency of 37.28% and a daily electrical power of 1619.7 W/m2. The developed model can also be used to design a more suitable Photovoltaic system at any specified place, provided that local weather data is available.

##### Impact of Micronutrients and Sea Weed Sap on Nutrient Availability and Leaf Nutrient Concentrations of Mango (Mangifera indica L.) CV. Dashehari in Mollisols of Uttarakhand

Ravina Pawar, A. K. Singh, K. P. Raverkar, Chiranjeev Kumawat, Johnson Lakra

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v37i530305

An investigation was undertaken to study the effect of micronutrients and sea weed sap on nutrient availability and leaf nutrient concentrations of mango cv. Dashehari in the year 2014-2015. The experiment was conducted in a randomized block design with three replications and ten treatments consisting of various concentrations and combinations of micronutrients, sea weed sap along with recommended dose of fertilizers in sub-tropical region of GBPUA&T, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, India. The highest available soil nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium (195.51, 74.30 & 218.79 kg ha-1), B, Zn, Fe, Cu and Mn (1.41, 0.85, 16.78, 3.21 and 25.50 ppm) after harvest were observed with the application of RDF + IIHR Mango Special @ 5 g/l (2 sprays at two months before flowering and marble stage). RDF + IIHR Mango Special also increased the nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium (1.88, 0.99, 0.83 %); B, Zn, Fe, Cu and Mn (18.17, 69.29, 199.49, 48.89 and 84.40 ppm) in leaves of mango cv. Dashehari. Foliar application of sea weed sap @ 10% (2 sprays at panicle emergence and marble stage) + RDF + ZnSO4 @ 200 g + CuSO4 @ 100 g + Boric acid @ 100 g (soil application) per plant in basin after harvest, also resulted in enhanced status of nutrients in plants and soil over various treatments followed to RDF + IIHR Mango Special @ 5 g/l foliar application.

##### Saline Waters Treatment Using Activated Carbon Filled Filter

S. S. A. Lima, H. J. B. Lima Filho, S. C. de Paiva, A. S. Messias

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v37i530306

In this paper, we describe an experimental activity involving the water treatment steps using the activated carbon made from coconut fibre and grape pomace packaged in a filter constructed with low-cost material to adsorb chemical elements present in the underground saline water before desalination. The activated carbon (CA) was prepared with grape pomace (P) and coconut fiber (C) mixtures, with coconut/pomace doses of 100/0; 75/25; 50/50; 25/75; 0/100 (the first stage of the experiment). The 50C/50P mixture was statistically considered the most suitable for the production of CA, being chemically activated with ZnCl2, underflow of 100 mL/min, at 550ºC for 60 minutes. To evaluate the efficiency of the filter with the carbon produced, different contact times were used. Tests were performed every 5 minutes totalling 60 minutes. After the pH, EC, Na, K, Ca, Mg and Cl determinations in each collection and the corresponding statistical analysis, it was noticed that in the initial five minutes there was already positive response to adsorption of the determined elements.

##### Changing Social Status of Dalits in Doaba Region of Punjab

Amanpreet Kaur

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v37i530307

Since Independence, India has made impressive progress in terms of growth, education, caste system and untouchability etc. Caste and untouchability have been much studied subjects of Indian social setting. Dalits comprised a group of people traditionally regarded as untouchables. The position of Dalits in the state of Punjab is quite different from that of Dalits in other parts of India. One of the distinguishing features of Dalits in Punjab is their numerical strength (31.9%). Other distinguishing features are their high literacy rate, emigration and active political participation. The study had a specific objective to access change in the social status of Dalits. The study was conducted in Doaba region of Punjab. Two blocks from each of the four districts of Doaba region were selected randomly. Two villages from each block were further selected and then 10 Dalit respondents from each village were interviewed personally with the help of an interview schedule. Thus total sample size was comprised of 160 respondents. The study found the increase in the education level of respondents. They were deviating from traditional occupation of agricultural labour to government jobs and to other ventures. A small percentage had moved to the upper caste locality in the village. Emigration and political participation were emerged as important factors in better social status. They were no more dependent on upper caste for cash or kind. Overall development of the society has affected the conditions of Dalits, the  affirmative action programmes of the government have contributed to the improvement of their conditions.

##### Residual Effect of Organic Manure (Biochar and Cowdung) on the Growth of Pterocarpus osun

F. B. Musa, F. M. Jayeoba, V. A. Olayiwola, E. A. Adekunle, F. O. Abiodun

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v37i530336

The present study aims to determine the residual effects of organic manure (biochar and cowdung) growth of P. osun under a screen house condition. Implementing the use of biochar and different organic sources has been proposed as an option for improving soil fertility, restoring degraded land and sequester large amounts of carbon (C) over the long-term. The study was carried out in Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria. Pterocarpus osun seeds were collected from the botanical garden at the University of Ibadan. The media for planting (soil) and treatments used had already been established from previous experiments done by using same species (Pterocarpus osun). Seedlings of P. osun were raised in a germination basket for four (4) weeks and twenty four (24) healthy seedlings were selected from the basket on the basis of uniform treatments and then transplanted into the already established media and the experiments were arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD). Data on growth parameters (plant height, number of leaves), collar diameter and dry matter yields were generated and subjected to analysis of variance. The significant means were separated by using LSD at 5% level of significance. The results showed that the interaction of Biochar + Cow dung (30 t/ha +135 g) had the highest diameter with a value of 5.17 mm when compared with the control (no amendments). The   highest plant height was recorded by the interaction of biochar and cow dung at 20 t/ha +135 g with mean value of 11.73 cm while sole application of cow dung also performed well in number of leaves with a mean value 11.50 as compared with the control (no amendment). It is concluded that there is a residual effect in the interaction of biochar and cow dung, which ultimately improves the performance of Pterocarpus osun.

##### Dilution Ratio and Pasteurization Effects on the Physico-chemical Characteristics of the Pulp of Saba senegalensis of Côte d'Ivoire

Yapi Elisée Kouakoua, Aïssatou Coulibaly, Kouadio Claver Degbeu, N’Guessan Georges Amani

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v37i530340

Aims: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of dilution ratio and pasteurization on physico-chemical parameters of Saba senegalensis pulp in the context of its recovery.

Study Design: The experimental set-up was of a completely randomized design.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out in the Department of Food Science and Technology, at the Laboratory of Food Biochemistry and Tropical Product Technology (BATPTL) of Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, between June and August 2019.

Methodology: The pulp collected from the fruit was diluted according to the following pulp/water ratio (RPW; v/v): 1:0.5; 1:1 and 1:1.5 and pasteurized at 75°C at different times (5 min, 10 min and 15 min). The pH, titratable acidity (TA), Total soluble solid (TSS), vitamin C, β-carotene and the colour were determined on the different samples.

Results: The results obtained during this study showed that all the physico-chemical parameters evaluated, except pH, are affected during dilution while during pasteurization only vitamin C and β-carotene are affected. During the respective dilutions, 50%, 62% and 66% of the vitamin C concentration decreased as well as 53%, 74% and 76% of β-carotene. It also led to a decrease in total soluble solid (TSS) of 32%, 50% and 59%. Following the pasteurization of each diluted pulp12%, 45% and 50% on average of the vitamin C are lost at the respective pasteurization time  (5 min, 10 min and 15 min respectively). For β-carotene the content decreases (50%) within the first 5 minutes and remains constant during the last 10 minutes of pasteurization.

Conclusion: During Saba senegalensis fruit processing into nectar, dilution and pasteurization factors must be considered in order to ensure the physico-chemical quality of the beverage. The physico-chemical characteristics were more affected during dilution than in pasteurization.