Open Access Systematic Review Article

Recommended Ways to be Assertive and Committed in Overweight and Obesity Control and Prevention: A Review

H. I. Wankasi

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v34i430142

Aim: This systematic review article recommends how one who yearns and willing to control/lose weight in order to prevent obesity can be assertive and committed to the intended course.

Study Context: The study started at the last lap of study in United Kingdom 2014 and concluded in Nigeria 2015. The recommendations herein are not for a particular setting, as these may be useful to anyone if the outlined principles are adopted by all affected persons irrespective of ethnicity, gender and location.

Methodology: A critical online searches were conducted to identify existing strategies and interventions designed to reduce the trend of obesity. Materials comprising of journal publications from Pub MED, Science Direct, NIH websites, several books from University and College libraries, personal books as well as books from charity shops covering period from 1992-2014 were accessed and explored.

Findings: At least 70 articles were accessed, of which 54 were used as sample.  Out of the 54 materials, 77% stressed regular exercise, adequate sleep and selective/control diet as obesity preventive/control measures, 14% emphasised exercise, diet rich in vegetables and drugs, 6% said avoid stress and ensure communication, while 3% articles advocate diet and surgery as well as reports on nursing staff counselling clients and regular exercises.

Conclusion: Based on the relevance of the existing programmes, this paper postulates the need to tackle the obesity scourge by applying these two leadership concepts (assertiveness and commitment) to enhance effectiveness (achieve desired weight reduction) of these already existing weight reducing activities.

Open Access Short Research Article

Database Classification of MPEG7 Shape Using Rotation Moments and Generated Stationary Transformed Features

Arash Kalami, Tohid Sedghi

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v34i430136

After the main trellis processing, the final score will contain all matching information. The graph matching shape classification is also used, where the Extracted Stationary Transformed Features is used to describe the Gabor graph for signal Rotation Invariant Moments object. The difference between our work and theirs is that we use feature point’s as graph node values and they use Shape Database Classification Gabor jet. Another difference is that and they didn’t use to do the graph matching.

Open Access Original Research Article

Evaluation of Different Compositions of Organic Fuel for Biogas Production Using Fuzzy Modeling

Mihail Ostrovskij, Uwe Werner

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v34i430135

Production of biogas is dependent on composition of organic fuel. Evaluation of different compositions of organic fuel for biogas production using fuzzy modeling was conducted. Eleven variants of composition were determined. For evaluation of these variants an existing method based on the use of fuzzy indicator models was utilized. Results of computation for variable “The electrical energy yield” indicated that composition of organic fuel (variant 11) was the best alternative.

Open Access Original Research Article

Design, Construction and Performance Evaluation of Low Cost Maize Dehusker-Sheller in Nigeria

M. A. Adesokan, K. O. Oriola, B. A. Ogundeji, O. W. Muhammed-Bashir

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v34i430137

An easy-to-operate maize dehusker-sheller machine was constructed from locally available materials with relatively low cost at the premises of DAF Technical Services, Ilorin, Nigeria, between June, 2017 and February, 2018. The construction of the machine was carried out by sizing and marking out of the plate using scriber and cutter. The shaft was smoothened with sand paper and various components were welded; assembling of parts was done by fastener (bolts & nuts). The machine consisted of four units (feeding unit, dehusking – shelling unit, cleaning unit and outlets). Results obtained indicated a mean de - husking efficiency of 58.67%, 57.00%, 54.16 at speed 469 rpm, 309 rpm and 298 rpm respectively. The mean shelling efficiencies were 73.36%, 71.53%, 65 55% at 469 rpm to 298 rpm. And mean through put capacity of 55.90 kg/hr, 41.10 kg/hr and 36.00 kg/hr at speed stated above. Also the mean cleaning efficiencies were 79.97%, 79.77%, 82.23%  at speed  469 rpm, 309 rpm and 298 rpm respectively. The mean grain losses were 20.37%, 21.20% and 17.16% using the three speeds stated above. In conclusion, the mean dehusking efficiency, shelling and mean through put capacity performed best at 469 rpm while mean cleaning efficiency and mean grain loss was best at speed 298 rpm.

Open Access Original Research Article

Biophysical Effect of EMR with 5GHz on Male Reproductive System of Mus musclus Mice

Q. Kh. Al-dulamey, A. H. Ismail, Yasir A. Al-Jawwady

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v34i430138

Aim: To study the effect of microwave radiation with power density 100,150 and 200 microwatt / cm2 (μW/cm2)   of exposure on male reproductive system of Mus musclus Swiss albino mice.

Study Design: Twenty mice were used in the experiment, they were divided randomly and assigned into 4 groups  of 5 animals each. White mice were used in this study Mus musculus Blub/c  which range between 2-3 months of age  and 23 -30 gm of weight . Healthy mice were obtained from the college of veterinary in Mosul University.

Place and Duration of Study: Mosul University, College of science, Biophysics department, IRAQ,  between January  2014 and April  2014.

Methodology: Mice were exposed to 100,150 and 200 μW/cm2 for 60 days. Then mice were divided into 4 groups each of group contain 5 animals. Group I: considered as control group were placed in cages without exposure. Group Π: Mice group were exposed with microwave 100 μW/cm2 for 60 days. Group Ш : Mice of this  group received 150/cm2 for 60 days. Group IV : Mice of this group received 200 μW/cm2 for 60 days. After exposure testis were obtain from each male group and experiment carried out on the sperm.

Results: The results in control group without exposure  the parameters as No  of  sperm cells  in epididymis, Percentage of living sperm cells, Percentage of dead sperm cells, Percentage of normal sperm cells and Percentage of abnormal sperm  cells  respectively  recorded with, 28.96 a ± 0.99, 87.81 a±0.82, 12.19 d±0.81, 86.66 a±0.83 and 13.44 d±0.73 respectively. The first group exposed to 100 µW/cm2 and the results of the same parameters with 15.60 b±0.49, 46.05 b±0.44, 53.96 c±0.43, 44.97 b±0.55 and 55.03 c±0.55 recpectively showed a significant decrease (p˂0.05) in   No.  of  sperm cells  in epididymis, Percentage of living sperm cells and Percentage of normal sperm cells respectively while  appeared  a significant increase(p˂0.05)  in Percentage of dead sperm cells and Percentage of abnormal sperm  cells. The second and third groups exposed to microwave radiation at 150 and 200 µW/cm2.  Also the results of same parameters recorded with 11.86 c±0.23, 35.90 c±0.69, 64.23 b±0.52, 34.93 c±0.72, 65.28 b±0.46, 6.88 d±0.26, 24.72 d±0.21, 75.28 a±0.21, 23.68 d±0.45 and 76.33 a±0.45 respectively.

Conclusion: The 5GHz of microwave radiation has harmful  effect of physiological and histopathological for reproductive system and avoid the exposure for long time about radiation from communication That have this same frequency as Wi –Fi or any communication from internet.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of Rainfall Trends and Patterns in Abuja, Nigeria

T. Itiowe, S. M. Hassan, V. A. Agidi

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v34i430139

Rainfall in Nigeria is highly dynamic and variable on a temporal and spatial scale. This has taken a more pronounced dimension due to climate change. In this paper, Standard Precipitation Index (SPI) and Coefficient of Variability statistical tools were employed to analyse rainfall trends and patterns in Abuja between 1986 and 2016. Daily rainfall data of 31 years was used for the study. The daily rainfall data was subjected to several analyses. The result obtained indicated that there is a downward trend in the rainfall amount received in Abuja over the last 31 years. Also, a gradual decadal decline in rainfall was observed using the SPI to compare the three decades under review. Recommendation to build more weather observatories which is a major challenge in sub-Saharan Africa for sufficient climatic data representation especially in the study area as data from one synoptic station was not sufficient for the study was proffered. Mitigation and adaptation strategies especially for meteorological drought should be considered with a view to reducing the effects of climate change.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impacts of Social-Cultural Factors on the Management of Deep Pools of Likangala River, Malawi

Rodgers Makwinja, Victor Chipofya

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v34i430140

The study was conducted to analyse the impact of social cultural factors on the management of deep pools in Likangala River during Lake Chilwa recession period. A comprehensive survey which covered 120 households was carried out. Using logit analysis,  the study showed that the use of local leaders, indigenous knowledge, initiation ceremony, age of the household heads, culture and traditional beliefs were significant factors affecting the management of the water resource in the pools. The study concluded that the sustainable management of water resource in the pools can be achieved by integration of scientific principles with indigenous knowledge, traditional beliefs and culture of the communities. The study further recommended the involvement of local leaders in policy formulation regarding integrated water resource management in order to achieve sustainable use and management of the water resource in Likangala River.

Open Access Original Research Article

Efficacy of Upsee Therapy Program with an Enriched Stimulating Active Environment on Improvement Gross, Fine Motor Abilities and Weight Bearing Distribution in Spastic Diplegic Cerebral Palsy Children

Ahmed M. Azam

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/cjast/2019/v34i430141

Objectives: This work was carried out to investigate the efficacy of upsee therapy program with an enriched stimulating active environment on improvement gross, fine motor abilities and weight bearing distribution in spastic diplegic cerebral palsy children.

Method: Thirty children were enrolled in this study and randomly assigned into two groups; group A received (upsee therapy program plus specific physiotherapy training) and group B (specific physiotherapy training program only). Gross motor functional measure (GMFCS), pegboard test and weight bearing distribution stages evaluation were used to detect and follow gross, fine motor abilities and weight bearing distribution. This measurement was taken before initial treatment and after 12 weeks of treatment. The children parents in both groups A and B were instructed to complete 3 hours of the home routine program every day. Dependent t-test was used to compare pre to post treatment changes.

Results: Data analysis was available on the 30 spastic diplegic cerebral palsied children participated in the study. The difference between pre and post-treatment results was more significant in (GMFCS) upsee group than the control group. Weight-bearing distribution stages evaluation and pegboard test demonstrate representative improvement in the study groups (p=0.0001) while insignificant in the control groups.

Conclusion: The addition of upsee therapy program to specific physiotherapy training is recommended in improving gross, fine motor abilities and weight bearing. So this suggested approach may be used as a selective choice for improving walking, hand functions and weight bearing abilities in spastic diplegic cerebral palsy children.