Open Access Original Research Article

Knowledge, Awareness and Practice Outcomes: Evaluating the Impact of Nutrition Counseling among Hypertensive Subjects

Sodhi Kaur Navneet, Singla Neerja

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/CJAST/2018/43240

In the present study impact of developed nutrition education package was studied on awareness regarding lifestyle modification of hypertensive subjects. One hundred and twenty (120) hypertensive patients were selected from Punjab Agricultural University Hospital, Ludhiana of age 45 to 60 years, both sexes (male and female). The subjects were alternatively divided into two equal groups; Experimental (E) group, comprising of sixty patients (thirty males and thirty females), which received the lifestyle modification intervention for the control of blood pressure. The second was the Control (C) group, comprising of sixty patients (thirty males and thirty females), which was exposed to routine outpatient care only. Present study concluded that developed nutrition education package had a highly significant (p<0.001) impact on the improvement in knowledge, awareness and practices of the subjects.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

The Influence of Photo-thermal Quotient on the Growth and Yield of Summer Rice under Varying Dates of Transplanting and Irrigation Regimes in Lower Gangetic Plains of India

Pramiti Kumar Chakraborty, Saon Banerjee, Rajib Nath, Suman Samanta

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/CJAST/2018/44574

Aims: The selection of transplanting windows of summer rice based on temperature and solar radiation is an important task to keep the production potential of this crop under changing climate scenario especially with deficit irrigation management.

Methodology and Study Design:  Two years field experiment (2014 and 2015) was conducted in the Lower Gangetic Plains of Eastern India where the popular rice cultivar Satabdi seedlings of 35 days old, were transplanted on three dates with 14 days interval (24th January, 7th February and 21st February) as the main plot treatment. Four irrigation regimes [continuous ponding (I1); intermittent ponding (I2) during 20 to 65 days after transplanting (DAT) (irrigation applied 3 days after disappearance of standing water); irrigation depth is 0.05 m; intermittent ponding (I3) during 20 to 65 DAT (irrigation applied 5 days after disappearance of standing water); irrigation depth is 0.05m, and shallow depth deficit irrigation (I4) during 20 to 65DAT; irrigation depth is 0.03m.] were chosen as the sub-plot treatment. The design of the experiment was strip-plot.

Conclusion: It was found that aboveground biomass and panicle weight showed a linear function of the cumulative photo-thermal quotient (PTQ). From the regression analysis, it was found that PTQ at panicle initiation (PI) stage significantly and positively affected the grain yield. The present experiment identified that the summer rice could be transplanted from last week of January to the first fortnight of February with the I2 irrigation management when the impact of PTQ on grain yield and biomass production was maximum. The mean grain yield was 6.51t ha-1 compared to the general practice though they are not significantly different and the mean biomass production was 41.63 g m-2. The maximum temperature of 34.4 – 37.0°C and a minimum temperature of 22.0 – 22.5°C with radiation energy of 16.37 – 23.97 MJm-2 at PI stage were found congenial for good yield in summer rice.

Open Access Original Research Article

Correlation of Microbial Population with Enzymatic Activities and Nutrient Levels of Soil during Paddy Growth

Jaspreet Kaur, S. K. Gosal, S. S. Walia

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/CJAST/2018/44347

The influence of growth stages of paddy on correlation of different microbial population with soil enzymatic activities (dehydrogenase, urease and alkaline phosphatase), available nutrient pool and organic carbon has been accessed. These soil parameters were investigated at four growth stages viz., at transplantation, tillering, reproductive and maturation stage. Results showed that total bacterial and diazotrophic population had a significant positive correlation with soil dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, available NPK and organic carbon at each growth stage. Fungal and actinobacteria population, however; showed a variable trend with various soil parameters at different growth stages of the crop. Actinobacteria population showed significant positive correlation with soil enzymatic activities and available nutrient at the reproductive stage; whereas it showed a negative correlation with most soil parameters at other time intervals. A significant effect of paddy growth stages was recorded on microbial community structure and their activities. At tillering stage, fungal, bacterial and diazotrophic population have significant impact on soil enzymatic activities; However, at reproductive stage, actinobacteria population become greater contributor towards soil enzymatic activity as compared to fungal population. This study revealed a complex plant-soil relationship, owing to the role of alternating microbial dynamics in determining soil health and fertility.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of Linkages between Agro-input Dealers and Other Stakeholders in Rice Production in Ebonyi State, Nigeria

Nwobodo Cynthia Ebere, Ajah Okechukwu Elom

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/CJAST/2018/30977

The study assessed the linkages between agro- input dealers and other stakeholders in rice production in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique was used in selecting sixty (60) respondents used for the study. Data were collected using semi-structured interview schedule and were analyzed using frequency, percentage, and mean statistics. Findings revealed that majority (96.7%) of the respondents were male, the mean age of the respondents was 35.58 years, and majority (60%) was married. Findings show that majority (93.3%), of the input dealers, used mobile phone in interacting with farmers, 93.0% used office/home visit in interacting with fellow agro-input dealers, 83.3% used personal/one-on-one contact in interaction with agro-input manufactures, and 71.7% used personal/one-on-one contacts in interaction with extension. The majority (98.3%) of respondents indicated that the area of interaction with farmers was a business deal, 96.7% also indicated that area of interaction with fellow agro- input dealers were business deal, 73.3% indicated that area of interaction with extension was welfare. Also, results show that respondents had strong linkage with rice farmers (M= 1.90), and fellow input dealers (M= 1.7). It was recommended that linkages between agro-input dealers and relevant stakeholders should be mainstreamed. Policy makers, development agencies, research and extension should prioritize agro-input dealers as major players for the development of rice sub-sector in the area.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

A Comparative Study of Plot Size Thresher over Traditional Method of Threshing Kutki

Shalini Chaturvedi, N. K. Khandelwal, Shantanu Pandey, Falguni Rathore

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/CJAST/2018/44393

This research was based on efficiency of plot size millet thresher over traditional method of threshing Kutki millet. Kutki millet (little millet) is one of the most important small millet crop grown in rainfed area of Madhya Pradesh India. Traditionally in tribal and hilly area, threshing of Kutki millet  crops is done by beating sticks and tractor bare operation which is more time consuming, energy intensive, labour intensive and uneconomical. The plot size millet thresher can reduce the drudgery of farmers, labours improve the quality of product, with existing socio economic condition of millet growing tribal farmers. Thus, the plot size millet thresher was found best with 99.6% threshing efficiency, 98.9% cleaning efficiency, 20.2 kg/h output capacity, 0.45% un-threshed grain percentage and 0% broken grain.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Phenological Features of Four Exotic Apple Cultivars on M9T337 Rootstock under High Density Plantation in North Himalayan Region of India

Rafiya Mushtaq, Ashaq Pandit, Mohammad Tauseef Ali, R. H. S. Raja, M. K. Sharma, Nowsheen Nazir, Aroosa Khalil

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/CJAST/2018/43317

This study was conducted to define the phenology of flowering of four apple cultivars grafted on M9T337 rootstock and cultivated in the Experimental Orchard of Division of Fruit Science, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Science & Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar, Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir during the year 2014. In the study it were recorded days to bud break, silver tip stage, green tip stage, leafing out, pink bud, initial and final bloom, duration of flowering and days to petal fall of apple cultivars viz. Super Chief Sandidge, Gala Red Lum, Fuji Zhen Aztec and Golden Clone B. The results reveal that bud break, green tip, silver tip and leaf initiation showed significant differences for the different cultivars. Cv. Gala Red Lum took minimum number of days for starting bud break (15.27 days after reference date) and silver tip stage (20.20 DARD), while ‘Golden Clone B’ was the last to attain these different phenological stages. Full bloom was earliest (52.29 DARD) on ‘Gala Red Lum’ and later (58.79 DARD) on ‘Golden Clone B’. The duration of flowering ranged from 12.28 days on ‘Super Chief Sandidge’ to 13.69 days on ‘Golden Clone B’. Remarkable variations were thus observed in the phenology of flowering of the investigated varieties under temperate conditions of Jammu and Kashmir.

 

Open Access Review Article

Prospects and Problems of Brain Computer Interface in Healthcare

Iroju Olaronke, Ikono Rhoda, Ishaya Gambo, Ojerinde Oluwaseun, Olaleke Janet

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-17
DOI: 10.9734/CJAST/2018/44358

Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) otherwise known as a Brain-Machine Interface (BMI) is an emergent technology whose goal is to create a real-time and direct communication pathway between the brain and external devices such as computers, robots, artificial limbs and wheelchairs. In BCI, cerebral or brain activities control these devices by transmitting and receiving signals from the brain. BCI is applied in healthcare to improve the communication capabilities of people living with disabilities or locked in syndrome such as traumatic brain disorders, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), spinal cord injury, brain stem stroke and other severe motor disabilities. BCI also increases the independence of disabled individuals by improving their muscle control. Consequently, BCI improves the quality of life of disabled persons by allowing this group of people to live a normal and comfortable life. In spite of the benefits of BCI, the technology is not widely deployed in healthcare. This is because of the numerous challenges associated with it. One of the basic limitations of BCI is that the signals received from the brain are prone to interference. Furthermore, legal and ethical concerns such as the risk of infection or hemorrhage, psychological harm caused when a patient’s intention to control an external device fails as well as privacy and confidentiality of patients’ data are some of the challenges faced by BCI in healthcare. Nevertheless, significant attention has not been paid to the challenges that hinder the implementation of BCI in healthcare.

Aims: Consequently, this paper examines the general overview and components of BCI. The applications and challenges of BCI in healthcare are also appraised in this study.

Methodology: Relevant literatures relating to the subject matter were reviewed. The literatures were sought in three scientific electronic databases namely CiteseerX, Science Direct and Google scholar. Furthermore, the Google search engine was used to search for documents and WebPages that contained relevant references for the study. The literatures reviewed were between 1974 and 2018.

Results: The study showed that BCI assists people living with disability to acquire relevant skills and knowledge, diagnose and manage depression, communicate, move and interact socially. The study also revealed that standardization, usability and legal issues are some of the challenges that affect the social acceptability of BCIs in healthcare.

Conclusion: The study suggests that there must be a policy that will protect the privacy and confidentiality of patients’ data obtained from BCI. The study also recommends that the comfort and safety of patients must be considered during the operation of a BCI technology. Furthermore, the study suggests that the generation of personal identification number (PIN) can make BCI applications used in healthcare less prone to fraud.