Open Access Short Research Article

Constraints and Expected Changes of Kota Tua Tourism Area Development

Ninin Gusdini, Bernard Hasibuan, Lisa Ratnasari

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/BJAST/2017/30183

Tourism has the potential to increase the economy and level of welfare of country in the international perspective. But the tourism sector also produce many problems such as waste management, local economic development, landscape change etc. Thus, to optimize the positive impact of the tourism sector, need focus and serious management of all influence aspects (holistic). The Kota Tua Tourism Area (KTTA)  as the area which have heritage value of historical Jakarta. This value can explored for to promote Jakarta city, especiallyTo tourism sector. Precondition for reach this goal are management and sustainable development of tourism destination. Green tourism is good approach for comprehensive developtment of KTTA. The aim of this research are to identification and structuring contsrains and principles changing. Methods used in this researh is Interpretative Structural Modelling (ISM).  Elements of the study consisted of constraints and the expected changes. The result  showed that good ​​governance is the principal element for significan changing of KTTA.

Open Access Short Research Article

Cloud Computing: New Opportunities or New Risks? How to Mitigate Cloud Risks in Oil & Gas Industry

Akop Gulushanian

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-17
DOI: 10.9734/BJAST/2017/32410

The recent emergence of cloud computing has drastically changed general perception of infrastructure architectures, software delivery and development models. Rapid transition towards the cloud environment, has fuelled concerns on a critical issue for the success of information systems, communication and information security.

Several risks and challenges have been introduced from this migration to the cloud environment, thus the aim of this paper is twofold; firstly, to identify key risk aspects of migration to cloud and secondly to attempt to present some viable solutions that eliminates these potential threats.

This analysis provides a practical guide for organisations to find the best possible cloud solution, especially in oil and gas industry, to eliminate potential threats of migration to cloud computing environment concerning the organizational performance impacts of vendor’s dependability.

The proposed solutions emphasis on actions in such risk categories as financial management, vendor’s relations, regulations, service security.


Open Access Original Research Article

Phytochemical Screening, Evaluation of Antioxidant and Anti-sickling Activities of Two Polar Extracts of Combretum glutinosum Leaves. Perr. ex DC

Cheikh Sall, Samba Fama Ndoye, Mbaye Diaw Dioum, Insa Seck, Rokhaya Sylla Gueye, Babacar Faye, Cheikhou Omar Thiam, Matar Seck, Papa Madièye Gueye, Djibril Fall, Mamadou Fall, Tandakha Ndiaye Dieye

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/BJAST/2017/31563

Sickle cell disease is a major public health problem in Africa and many other areas across the world. In Senegal, a lot of plants are proposed by traditional healers to manage the sickle cell disease, among them Combretum glutinosum. Antisickling activity of Combretum glutinosum leaves extracts was studied in this work. Methanolic and ethyl acetate extracts of Combretum glutinosum leaves were evaluated on SS sickles type to determine their anti-sickling potential. Antiradical properties of methanolic extract were evaluated using the DPPH radical as oxidant. Total phenolic content of the methanol extract was determined. Phytochemical screening of the crude extract of methanol revealed the presence of tannins, saponins, phenols and flavonoids. Results show a good antisickling effect of extracts with a maximum antisickling revers of 81% and 69% respectively, of the methanol and ethyl acetate extracts at 10 mg/mL versus 67% for arginine at 120 min of incubation. The measured IC50 were 0.65 and 0.163 for respectively the methanol extract and ascorbic acid. Antiradical powers 0.155 and 0.62 respectively for methanol extract and ascorbic acid were calculated from the effective concentrations. The results of this study confirm the traditional use of Combretum glutinosum leaves in the management of sickle cell disease.


Open Access Original Research Article

Effectiveness of Interactive Video Conferencing through Village Resource Centres of Karnataka, India: Farmers’ Feedback

A. Shamna, K. Narayana Gowda, N. S. Shivalinge Gowda

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/BJAST/2017/30337

Interactive video conferencing through satellite is an effective means of transferring the latest technologies to farmers. A study on the effectiveness of interactive video conferencing with farmers through VRCs for agriculture information dissemination is very much important to decide a massive replication of this model of communication. The study was conducted at Karnataka state of India. Twenty farmers who frequently visited the VRCs were selected randomly from each VRC, thus constituting a sample size of 200. Personal Interview and case study method was used for data collection. From the personal variables, it is evident that VRC programmes attracted more of young (33.3%) and middle age groups (38%). Among the participants 63% were male. Irrespective of the educational qualification, all of them had participated in VRC programmes. It was observed that social participation was low for more than half of the respondents (54%) and 40 per cent of them had low cosmopoliteness. The case studies had revealed that farmers felt greater satisfaction as they could interact with the experts directly and could solve their problems, could save money and time, could find new enterprises that are profitable to them. Among the constraints the highly scored one was regarding the timing and duration of the programmes (69.5%). The prominent suggestions included regarding inculcation of experiences of progressive farmers and more success stories (89%). The study was ended with the conclusion that the technology transfer to farmers through this modern method of communication can empower the rural farmers in developing countries, enhance ecological and livelihood security and accelerate human development and quality of life.


Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Bioinformatics Tools in Genomic Biomedicine

Ekwonwune Emmanuel Nwabueze, E. Obiukwu Charles

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/BJAST/2017/30404

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data. This paper was borne from the fact that some medical laboratories and related fields have failed to implement Bioinformatics tools as they relate to Genomic Biomedical experiments. The paper therefore seeks to study the extent of this involvement and in addition provide methods and resource reports that can provide novel information on technological tools that will be of interest to a broad readership in the area of Bioinformatics and Genomic research. The paper discusses the Computer as an Instrument in Bioinformatics research, basic Bioinformatics tools for Genomic research such as Genomic Databases, Genome browsers, tools for sequence alignment, software in Bioinformatics etc.

Open Access Original Research Article

Utility of River Training Structures and Present Status in Patuakhali District Bangladesh

Shaikh Abdullah Al Mamun Hossain, Wang Lixue, A. K. M. Adham, Umme Kulsum Navera, Mir Mohammad Ali

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/BJAST/2017/32073

Aims: The focus of this study was to know usefulness of river training structures, controlling hydro-morphological characteristics, socio-economic benefits of inhabitants and current situation of these structures in Patuakhali District.

Study Design: Evaluations were measured on hydro-morphological features of rivers, protection safety based on utility of structures, environmental and social benefits by spot visit, face to face interview and focus group discussion methods.

Place and Duration of Study: Ten different river side location of Patuakhali District during July-Sep in 2015.

Methodology: Established five groups including eight persons/group in each location to carry out the questioner and evaluations were accomplished based on specific key point issue.

Results: Three categories of river training structure were found at different location of the study area. Revetment with cement concrete (CC) block including 1.75 km bank protection measure from erosion due to high velocity tidal current at Lebukhali point (0.715 km), Patuakhali town protection point 2 (0.62 km) and Khepupara Bandar & town protection (0.42 km). Among them Lebukhali point was found more offensive comparing with others point. The level of risk of all structures was averages under low to medium except Lebukhali point.

Conclusion: The training structures were found moderately stable due to maintenance and effectively acting as qualitative benefit for inhabitants in socio-economic aspect.

Open Access Original Research Article

Utilization of Plastic Wastes in Asphalt Design for Road Construction

M. B. Dalen, S. D. Mador, J. S. Oyewola

Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/BJAST/2017/31141

The use of synthetic polymers (Plastics) has become part of our everyday life since their introduction over 100 years ago. Every vital section of the economy ranging from clothing, agriculture, packaging, automobile, medicine, electrical and electronics have been virtually revolutionized by application of plastics. The challenge of the disposal of these plastics after use is what this study seeks to address in part. Low density polyethylene (LDPE) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic wastes were blended with bitumen as binder for road construction as an effective and valuable means of disposing these wastes, employing marshall hot-mix design. 15% and 30% w/w LDPE and PET wastes of total binder required for the asphalt design were incorporated at 6% optimum binder content. The polymer modified asphalts (PMA) were tested for marshall stability and flow. At 15% w/w LDPE, the stability and flow values are 819 kg and 3.6 mm, respectively, while at 30% w/w LDPE, the stability and flow values are 643 kg and 4.1 mm, respectively. Similarly, at 15% w/w PET, the stability and flow values are 737 kg and 3.3 mm, respectively, while at 30% w/w PET, the stability and flow values are 707 kg and 3.5 mm, respectively. These results are in agreement with the “general specification for roads and bridges, vol. II (1997)” of the federal government of Nigeria, which specifies a minimum of 350 kg and 2-4 mm for stability and flow, respectively. However, the 15% LDPE and PET plastic wastes incorporation gives better results than that of the 30% incorporation.