Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology 2020-09-26T12:09:29+00:00 Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology (ISSN:&nbsp;2457-1024)</strong> is dedicated to publish research papers, reviews, case studies and short communications from all disciplines of science and technology. By not excluding papers on the basis of subject area, CJAST facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated.</p> Study of Different Variants of Cv. Langra (Mangifera indica L.) Based on Morphological and Yield Characters 2020-09-24T10:28:11+00:00 Ankita Anu Ravindra Kumar Bishun Deo Prasad G. S. Yadav <p>Study of morphological and yield characters of different genotypes of mango are easy and convenient methods to identify promising and desired genotype during breeding programme. So, keeping in view, the trial was conducted under the experimental area of&nbsp; BAU, Sabour with objective of morphological and yields characterization of the variants of cv. Langra during the year 2012-13. The variants of cv. Langra significantly varied in respect of tree height(6.20 m to 11.40 m), trunk girth (95.00 cm to 280.00 cm), tree spread (East-West: 8.45 m to 17.40 m, North-South: 9.15 m to 17.05 m), duration of flowering (16.00 days to 20.00 days), fruit maturity (101.00 days to 123.00 days), fruit size(length: 8.58 to 13.66 cm, breadth: 6.39 to 10.87 cm), fruit weight (182.20 g to 843.90 g), fruit volume (171.40 ml to 699.40 ml), numbers of fruit per tree (32.50 to 1127.00 fruits)&nbsp; and fruit yield per tree (10.95 to 358.83 kg). These results shows the significant variations in genetic level of different variants of cv. Langra, which can be used for introduction of superior variant and further, it can also be used in breeding programs.</p> 2020-09-24T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Carbon Footprint of Electrostatic Sprayer in Comparison with Air Compression Sprayer and Mistblower 2020-09-25T10:17:09+00:00 V. Aneesha D. Dhalin Seena R. Subhagan O. P. Reji Rani Dipak S. Khatawkar <p>This study aimed at finding out the efficacy of electrostatic sprayer on pest control in comparison with mist blower and air compression sprayer. Six pests were selected based on specific characteristics viz. integumental, movement and ecological niche. Energy use efficiency in production and application of pesticides used by different sprayers for the control of selected pests were quantified based on application efficiency, pre and post pest count and reoccurrence of pest infestation after spray. The greenhouse gas emission for the total energy usage for the corresponding quantity of pesticide were computed for all the selected sprayers. The energy use efficiency of electrostatic sprayer was found to be 1.5 times more than that of mist blower and 2 times more than that of air compression sprayers. The chemical usage by electrostatic sprayer was reduced by 65%, and that of knapsack mist blower was 35% with air compression sprayers. The corresponding greenhouse gas emission was only 20% for electrostatic sprayer and 65% for powered mist blower than that of air compression sprayers. The post pest count was almost nil in all the categories of pest while applying with electrostatic sprayer and the reoccurrence of the pest to the threshold level was minimum. This contributes a significant reduction in emission of CO<sub>2</sub> when considered globally, and ultimately contribute to mitigation of global warming.</p> 2020-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Weed Management Strategies for Enhanced Productivity in Groundnut 2020-09-25T04:41:25+00:00 T. Parthipan <p>A field investigation was carried out at Regional Research Station, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Vridhachalam to evaluate suitable weed management strategies for enhanced productivity groundnut. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design with three replications and nine treatments. The treatments included were Pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg/ha as PE, Pendimethalin 30 EC + Imazethapyr 2 EC (ready&nbsp; mix) @ 1.0 kg/ha as PE, Pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg/ha as PE fb Quizalofop-p-ethyl @ 50 g/ha at 15-20 DAS, Pendimethalin 30 EC + Imazethapyr 2 EC (ready mix) @ 1.0 kg/ha as PE fb Quizalofop-p-ethyl @ 50 g/ha at 15-20 DAS, Pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg/ha as PE fb Imazethapyr @ 75 g/ha at 15-20 DAS, Pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg/ha as PE fb Hand Weeding (HW) at 25-30 DAS, Pendimethalin 30 EC + Imazethapyr 2 EC (ready mix) @ 1.0 kg/ha as PE fb HW at 25-30 DAS, Two hand weeding at 20 and 40 DAS and Weedy check. Application of Pendimethalin 30 EC + Imazethapyr 2 EC (ready mix) @ 1.0 kg/ha on 3<sup>rd</sup> day after sowing followed by one manual weeding at 25-30 DAS recorded lower weed density of 33.3 No/m<sup>2</sup>, weed dry weight of 113 g/m<sup>2 </sup>with higher pod yield of 2400 kg/ha, net return of Rs. 62851/- per ha with BCR of 1.91. Among the herbicide combinations, application of pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg/ha on 3 DAS followed by Imazethapyr @ 75 g/ha at 15-20 DAS recorded pod yield of 1600 kg/ha with Benefit Cost Ratio of 1.38. From this study, it was concluded that application of Pendimethalin 30 EC + Imazethapyr 2 EC (ready mix) @ 1.0 kg a.i//ha on 3 DAS as pre-emergence followed by one hand weeding at 25-30 DAS was identified as efficient and economical weed management practice for groundnut.</p> 2020-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Diversity Analysis in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Genotypes under Temperate Conditions 2020-09-24T10:45:35+00:00 Mohd Aslam Dar Noor-Ul-Saleem Khuroo Reyaz-Ul-Rouf Mir Zahoor Ahmad Dar Parvaze Ahmad Sofi Sher A. Dar Bilal Ahmad Lone Farooq A. Sheikh Umer Rashid Bhat <p>Genetic diversity study was conducted in 38 chickpea (<em>Cicer arietinum</em> L.) genotypes using Mahalanobis D<sup>2</sup> Statistics. The current research performed at FoA, Wadura Sopore, SKUAST-Kashmir in the rabi 2017-18. In the present study, total seven clusters have been formed and range of D<sup>2</sup> values is from 301.78 to 8477.71, cluster II includes maximum 12 genotypes after that cluster I having 9 genotypes, cluster IV having 6 genotypes, cluster Ⅲ and Ⅴ having 4 genotypes, cluster Ⅵ having 2 genotypes and cluster Ⅶ with 1 genotype. 959.33 to 8477.71 is the range of inter cluster distance. Highest inter cluster distance (8477.71) was found between the clusters, Ⅵ and Ⅶ followed by the clusters, Ⅳ and Ⅶ (5814.62), Ⅳ and Ⅴ (5807.441), Ⅴ and Ⅵ (4659.34). The minimum inter-cluster distance (959.33) possessed by clusters, Ⅱ and Ⅲ. After comprehending the intra cluster divergence it has been found that cluster Ⅳ has highest intra cluster distance (637.07) then cluster I (459.16). Since cluster Ⅶ includes only one genotype which indicates that there is no intra cluster divergence. Total nine traits have been evaluated, plant height registered higher divergence (49.25%) then pods plant<sup>-1</sup> (36.12%), days to 50% flowering (4.13%) and days to maturity (2.7%), secondary branches plant<sup>-1</sup> (3.24%), seed yield plant<sup>-1</sup> (1.28%) and primary branches plant<sup>-1</sup> (1.14%). The 100-seed weight (1.12%) and seeds pod<sup>-1 </sup>(1.02%) possesses less divergence. By considering above results the nine genotypes viz., IR-1, IR-3, IR-30, IR-20, IR-21, IR-10, IR-2, IR-7 and IR-31 have been recognized as desired genotypes for use in future breeding programme.</p> 2020-09-24T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Bio-effectiveness of Sabuj Gold as Organic Manure on Cabbage, Cauliflower and French Bean 2020-09-25T10:29:08+00:00 Eggadi Ramesh Subhamoy Sikder Shibnath Basfore <p>The present experiment was laid out in randomized block design maintaining three replications during the <em>Rabi</em> season of 2017-18 on three major <em>Rabi</em> season crops <em>viz., </em>cabbage, cauliflower, and French bean under four treatment <em>viz., </em>Sabuj Gold as principle sole nutrient supplement with recommended organic and inorganic plant protection inputs as well as recommended standard crop-specific inorganic cultivation practice to evaluate the bio-effectiveness of SABUJ GOLD as main organic manure. The result showed that 100% Organic Manure (Sabuj Gold as a primary nutrient supplement) + full organic recommended certified inputs (plant protection measures) had a predominant significant effect on almost all the characters under study, specifically plant height (26.89 cm in cabbage, 45.32 cm in cauliflower and 55.24 cm in French bean), number of primary branches (7.84 in French bean), leaf quantitative parameters, individual head weight in cabbage (1.32 g), curd weight of cauliflower (1.31 g), pod weight (3.37 g) and pod per plant (46.34) in French bean, yield (32.37 t/ha in cabbage, 17.58 t/ha in cauliflower and 8.94 t/ha in French bean), ascorbic acid in cabbage (65.24 mg/100g) and total chlorophyll in cabbage (445.61 mg/100 g). However, 100% Organic Manure (Sabuj Gold as a primary nutrient supplement) + full recommended inorganic supplement (plant protection measures) showed a significant effect on multiple characters such as &nbsp;germination percentage (88.52 %) and ascorbic acid (31.62 mg/100 g) in cabbage, total chlorophyll (424.75 mg/ 100 g in cauliflower and 134.95 mg / 100g in French bean). From the above discussion, it could be concluded that Sabuj Gold as a substitute for inorganic plant nutrient along with organic or inorganic plant protection measures could be very effective in enhancement of important yield and quality-related characters of different commercially important vegetables.</p> 2020-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Development of Electrically Aerated Stove for Pyrolyzed Briquettes 2020-09-26T04:57:55+00:00 O. K. Fadele M. B. Usman O. C. Ariyo U. U. Emeghara D. O. Adelani D. O. Oloyede <p>In this study, an electrically aerated stove was developed using locally available materials. The performance of the stove was evaluated by utilizing briquettes produced from pyrolyzed jatropha shell and <em>Eucalyptus camadulensis</em> wood shavings. Thermal parameters such as thermal efficiency, power output, specific fuel consumption and burning rate were determined. The mean values obtained for the thermal efficiency, power output, specific fuel consumption and burning rate were 7.62 %, 1685 J/s, 0.2377 g/g, 330.90 g/hr respectively. The performance of the briquette stove was considered to not be suboptimal. The thermal efficiency can further be improved by proper insulation and adequate utilization of the heat generated in the combustion chamber.</p> 2020-09-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Impact of National Food Security Mission (NFSM) on Growth Rates and Decomposition Analysis of Pulses Production in India 2020-09-26T10:41:43+00:00 R. Nagarethinam M. Anjugam <p>This paper investigates the trends in area, production and yield of major pulses in India by using component growth rate, Instability index and decomposition analysis during last twenty years. Further the study period has been divided into three periods based on the implantation of NFSM: Pre NFSM period I (1995 to 2006), Post NFSM period II (2007 to 2016) and Overall period (1995 to 2017). The result of CGR in total pulses revealed that the area (1.87%), production (3.58%) and yield (1.89%) registered highly positive significance with increased growth in period II. The yield growth rate was higher than area growth rate implying that the area allocation under pulses is increasing poorly even after NFSM scheme, while improvement in yield is there. The instability of total pulses production and productivity has first decreased and then increased in the overall period its shows increased growth. Among the major crops, the area effect was high in lentil production and by yield effect was high in gram production and the interaction effect was high in moong production during the overall study period. In case of total pulses, area and yield effects were positively higher and they were responsible for total pulses production.</p> 2020-09-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Diversification of Cropping Systems for Different Integrated Farming System Models under Irrigated Situation of Southern Telangana Zone, Telangana, India 2020-09-26T11:04:48+00:00 Ch. Pragathi Kumari M. Goverdhan Knight Nthebere G. Kiran Reddy S. H. K. Sharma A. Aziz Qureshi Md. Alibaba K. Chiranjeevi <p>A long-term field experiment was undertaken during the year 2019-20 (third year of the experiment) at college farm, AICRP on Integrated Farming Systems unit, PJTSAU, Hyderabad to evaluate productivity and profitability of cropping systems for different farming systems under irrigated situation on a sandy loam soil of Southern Telangana Zone (STZ), Telangana. Among the ten cropping systems evaluated, sweet corn – vegetable system (tomato) was found to be more remunerative with B:C ratio 3.30 followed by okra – marigold – beetroot system with B:C ratio 3.0. Among the ecological cropping systems for improving soil health, pigeonpea + greengram (1:7) – sesame cropping system recorded higher BC ratio (2.02) compared to Bt cotton + green gram (1:3) – groundnut cropping system (1.78). Out of the two systems evaluated to meet the household nutritional security, pigeon pea + groundnut (1:7) – fingermillet system recorded higher BC ratio (1.85) compared to pigeon pea + maize (1:3) – groundnut. Within the two fodder crops/cropping systems, fodder maize – lucerne system resulted in higher B:C ratio (1.65).</p> 2020-09-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Empowerment of Women in Fisheries: Evidence from Ganjam District of Odisha 2020-09-26T12:09:29+00:00 Priyanka Patra S. S. Dana S. B. Ramya Lakshmi <p>The present study was conducted to assess the empowerment level of women in the fisheries sector in the Ganjam district of Odisha. In the inland sector, the highest numbers of women are of the fishermen population in Ganjam district i.e. 29476 out of a total 263514 number of female fisheries population of the state (Directorate of Fisheries, Government of Odisha, 2015). A very good concentration of women is involving in fisheries activities in this district. But when sector-specific cases are concerned, there are very few studies found where different dimensions of women empowerment through fisheries are discussed. The results revealed that the majority of the respondents (66.60%) in the Inland sector are grouped under a medium level of empowerment followed by low and high-level empowerment (16.70%). These results indicated that there is a significant move towards the empowerment of women in the case of inland fisheries. However, in the Marine sector equal percentage of respondents belonged to both medium and high levels of women empowerment i.e. each 30 (50.00%) and low level of empowerment was nil which indicates the level of empowerment in the marine fisheries activities compared to inland fisheries. With this background, the overall empowerment score was categorized into the low, medium, and high level of empowerment where a majority of the respondents (71.6%) were under the medium level of empowerment followed by the equal percentage of the low and high level of empowerment (14.2%). The composite score of empowerment of women is also encouraging. However, efforts are needed to bring women empowerment from medium level to a higher level. There is also a need to uplift a section of women who are still in the lower category of empowerment.</p> 2020-09-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##