An Examination of Clan Names and Clan Praises as Anthroponymic Domains in Swati Culture
Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology,
The objectives of this study are to examine and interpret the meanings of the selected clan names and clan praises. Their sequences, laudatory and eulogic views highlight their significances and generic perspectives. In Swati culture, clan name is shared by a nuclear family and passed from father to sons. In patrilineal societies, clan names are vital for maintenance and sustenance of lineage hierarchy. Clan names are commonly called surnames. The prefix sur-in surname is derived from Latin, meaning super, above or beyond. The word, tibongo (clan names) is derived from the verb, bonga (thank; praise). The word, tinanatelo (clan praises) is derived from the verb, nanatela (be genial towards; show courtesy to and praise). Their anthroponymic domains are evident when they are used as address form. Each Swati clan name has a primary or main clan praise which is widely known by the society and almost equivalent to the clan name, for example, Matfonsi (Droplets) –Mjabulase! (Ever-elated one), Maphosa (Thrower)-Tsekwane (An owl) and Malindzisa (One who keeps others waiting)-Tfwala (Carry). In addition to the main clan praise, a number of secondary clan praise names follow and make a series of praise phrases. It is evident that all types of praises have their poetic features that are highlighted by bards, onomasticians, folklorists and oral poetry specialists.
- Anthroponymic domains
- lineage hierarchy
- lauditory and eulogic views
- poetic features
- primary and secondary clan praises.
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