Performance of Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan. L) Varieties under Different Spacings During Rabi Season

Main Article Content

K. Indudhar Reddy
A. V. Ramanjaneyulu
M. V. Nagesh Kumar
C. V. Sameer Kumar
M. Venkata Ramana

Abstract

An experiment was conducted with the objective of ascertaining the feasibility of cultivation of pigeonpea during rabi season in the alfisols of Southern Telangana Zone. Further, it was designed to understand the performance of pigeonpea genotypes at various plant densities and also the economics of pigeonpea cultivation during rabi season. It consisted of 12 treatments with four plant densities in main plots and three genotypes in sub plots in split plot design. The pooled data of 2015-16 and 2016-17 revealed that significantly higher seed yield (1532 kg ha-1) was recorded at plant density of 60 cm × 10 cm spacing than at 45cm × 10cm (1332 kg/ha), 75 cm × 10 cm (1321 kg/ha) and 90 cm × 10 cm (1141 kg/ha). Among the genotypes, the seed yield in PRG-158 (1547 kg/ha) and Asha (ICPL 87119) (1591 kg/ha) was on par with each other but significantly higher than in PRG-176 (857 kg/ha). The higher gross returns (Rs. 77366 ha-1), net returns (Rs.46733 ha-1) and benefit cost ratio (2.53) was recorded at plant density of 60 cm × 10 cm spacing than at other tested plant densities (45 cm × 10 cm, 75 cm × 10 cm and 90 cm × 10 cm). Among the genotypes, Asha (ICPL 87119) registered highest gross returns (Rs. 80346 ha-1), net returns (Rs.49711 ha-1) and benefit cost ratio (2.62) followed by PRG-158 (gross returns of Rs. 78124ha-1, net returns of Rs.47489 ha-1 and benefit cost ratio of 2.55) and PRG-176 (gross returns of Rs. 43279ha-1, net returns of Rs.13144 ha-1 and benefit cost ratio of 1.44). Thus, the spacing of 60 cm × 10 cm is recommended for the cultivation of pigeonpea during rabi season in alfisols of Southern Telangana Zone with long duration varieties like PRG-158 and Asha (ICPL-87119).

Keywords:
Alfisols, genotypes, plant density, rabi pigeonpea.

Article Details

How to Cite
Reddy, K. I., Ramanjaneyulu, A. V., Kumar, M. V. N., Kumar, C. V. S., & Ramana, M. V. (2020). Performance of Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan. L) Varieties under Different Spacings During Rabi Season. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 39(31), 61-66. https://doi.org/10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i3130990
Section
Original Research Article

References

FAO STAT. Food and agricultural organization. agricultural statistics; 2018.

DGCIS, Annual export, 2019-20 Directorate general of commercial intelligence and statistics.

Donald CM. In search of yield. J. Aust. Institute Agric. Sci. 1962;28:171-178.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical procedures for agricultural research. A Willey- Inter Science Publication. John Willey & Sons, New York; 1984.

Kashyap TL, Shrivastava GK, Lakpale R, Choubey NK. Productivity potential of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L. Millsp) genotypes in response to growth regulators under Vertisols of Chhattisgarh plains. Annals of Agricultural Research. 2003;24(2):449-452.

Tikle AN, Gupta SC. Variability for nodulating ability of pigeonpea genotypes under field conditions. Indian Journal of Pulses Research. 2006;19(1):124-125.

Birendra Tigga DK, Chandraker Tej, Ram Banjara, Sushil Kumar Bhagat, Manoj Dev. Effect of different genotype and planting geometry on growth and productivity of rabi season pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.). Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 2017;6(3):2188-2195.

Parameswari K, Vanangamudi K, Kavitha S. Effect of spacing on hybrid seed yield of pigeonpea hybrid CoPH2-. Madras Agricultural Journal. 2003;90(10-12):691-696.

Islam S, Nanda MK, Mukherjee AK. Effect of date of sowing and plant density on growth and yield of rabi pigeonpea. Journal of Crop and Weed. 2008;4(1):7-9.

Jeevan Kumar K, Balusamy M, Latha KR. Effect of plant geometry on the growth, yield and economics of rabi pigeonpea. International Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 2014;32(3-4):509-511.

Ashokareddy Y, Sagar kumar reddy RV, Prabhakara reddy G, Pushpavathi Y. Response of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) varieties to varying plant Population during rabi in southern agro-climatic zone of Andhra pradesh. International Journal of Agricultural Science and Research. 2016;6(6):73-76.

Meena BK, Hulihalli UK, Arvind Kumar BN, Meena MK. Biomass production, its distribution and yield of hybrid pigeonpea as influenced by plant geometries and fertility levels. Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2011;2(4):833- 836.

Asaduzzaman M, Sultana S, Roy TS, Masum SM. Weeding and pant spacing effects on the growth and yield of blackgram. Bangladesh Research Publications Journal. 2010;4(1):62-68.