Influence of Number of Suckers in Ratoon Crop on Yield and Quality of Malbhog (AAB) Banana

Main Article Content

Rupshree Borah
D. N. Hazarika
Supriya Langthasa
Hemanga Das

Abstract

An experiment was carried out at instructional cum experimental farm, Department of Horticulture, Biswanath College of Agriculture, Assam Agricultural University, Biswanath Chariali to study the effect of number of suckers per hill on yield and quality of banana cv. Malbhog (AAB) in ratoon crop by maintaining different numbers of suckers per hill as-T1 (one sucker per hill), T2 (two suckers per hill), T3 (three suckers per hill), and T4 (four suckers per hill). Plants for each treatment were planted in two spacing as S1 (2.1 m x 2.1 m) and S2 (2.5 m x 2.5 m). One treatment with recommended package of practice (one sucker retain with mother plant at shooting) was also included in the experiment as control. The treatment combinations were laid out in factorial Randomized Block Design with three replications. Finger length (15.22 cm), finger girth (12.05 cm), finger volume (84.44cc) and finger weight (83.65 g), number of fingers (92.75/bunch), hands (7.27/bunch), bunch weight (9.41 kg/bunch and yield (15.05 t/ha), were highest in S2T1 (2 suckers per hill in 2.5 m x 2.5 m spacing). Lowest duration from harvesting of first crop to harvesting of first ratoon crop (68.50 days) observed in S2T1. Yield of banana was significantly lower in wider spacing of 2.5 m x 2.5 m (S2) than S1 (2.1 m x 2.1 m). There was no significant effect on quality attributing parameters of fingers.

Keywords:
Malbhog, ratoon crop, suckers, treatment, yield, quality.

Article Details

How to Cite
Borah, R., Hazarika, D. N., Langthasa, S., & Das, H. (2020). Influence of Number of Suckers in Ratoon Crop on Yield and Quality of Malbhog (AAB) Banana. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 39(28), 32-42. https://doi.org/10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i2830936
Section
Original Research Article

References

Nalina L, Kumar N, Sathiamoorthy S. Studies on high density planting in banana Cv. Rubusta (AAA) II. Influence on bunch and fruit quality traits. Indian J. Hort. 2003;60(4):307-311.

Seifu G. Status of cmmercial fruit poduction in Ethiopia. Ethiopia Agricultural Research Organization, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2003.

Chattopadhyayay PK, Bhowmick DJ, Maiti DC, Bose TK. Optimum planting density for plant and ratoon crops of ‘Giant Governor’ Cavendish banana in West Bengal. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 1985;55:17-21.

Reddy BMC. Effect of spacing, plant density on growth, yield and quality of ‘Dwarf Cavendish’ banana. AICRP(TF) Res. Rep. on Citrus, Pineapple, Papaya and Sapota, IIHR, Bangalore.1991;103-05.

Chaudhuri P, Baruah K. Studies on planting density in banana cv. ‘Jahaji’ (AAA). Indian Journal of Hill Farming. 2010;23(2):31-38.

AOAC. Official Methods of Analysis. 2nd Ed. Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, Washington D.C; 1975.

Irizarry HG, Rivera E, Rodriguez JA, Green JJ. Effect of planting pattern and population density on yield and quality of the Horn type Maricongoplaintain (Musa acuminate x Musa balbisiana) (AAB) in North Central Puerto Rico. J. Agric Univ. 1978;62:214-223.

Lichtemberg LA, Hing RH, Malberg JL. Effect of spacing and desuckering on the performance of ‘Enxerto’ banana (Musa, AAB) in Southern Santra Catarina, Brazil. Proc. Int. American Soc. Trop. Hort. 1986; 30:25-33.

Martiney GA. Revista Institute Colombiano. In: Boss TK, Mitra SK. (eds.). Fruit tropical and sub tropical, naja preolicash calcutotion, India. Agro Puvario. 1987;19: 357-359.

Kesavan V, Hill T, Morris G. The effect of plant spacing on growth, cycling time and yield of banana in subtropical Western Australia. Acta Hort. 2002;575: 851-857.

Abdallah BM, Roshdy KA, El-Shenawi MR. Effect of plant density on growth, flowering, fruiting and yield of Grand Naine banana in sandy soil. Alex. Sci. Exchange. J. 2010;31:380-385.

Sarrwy SMA, Mostafa EAM, Hassan HSA. Growth, yield and fruit quality of williams banana as affected by different planting distances. Int. J. Agric. Res. 2012;7:266-275.

Marriott J, Robinson M, Karikari SK. Starch and sugar transformation during the ripening of plantains and bananas. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 1981;32(10):1021-1026.

Chundawat BS, Dove SK, Putel NL.Effect of close planting on the yield and quality of 'Lacatan' bananas. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 1983;53:470-472.