Effect of Foliar Application of Macro and Micronutrients on Quality of Kinnow Mandarin
Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology,
Aims: To determine the suitable combination of fertilizers for obtaining high quality fruits from Kinnow orchard.
Study Design: The experiment was conducted in randomized block design with three replications per treatment on Kinnow mandarin.
Place and Duration of Study: The experiment was conducted on seven years old earmarked plants at Experimental Orchard and in Post-harvest Technology Laboratory of the Department of Horticulture, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana, India during the year 2016-17.
Methodology: The treatments comprising of 11 combinations of Urea, K2SO4, ZnSO4, FeSO4 and boric acid which were laid out in randomized block design with three replications. Seven years old uniformly grown trees spaced at 6x6 m were selected for the present study and analyzed for yield and quality parameters such astotal soluble solids (%), acidity (%), ascorbic acid (mg/100 ml juice), juice content (%), TSS to acid ratio etc.
Results: In comparison to other fertilizers combinations, the maximum fruit yield per plant (97.83 kg/plant), juice content (49.47%), total soluble solids (9.80%), TSS to acid ratio (11.95) and ascorbic acid content (32.30mg/100ml) and minimum acidity (0.83%), rag (24.00%) and peel content (25.60%) and peel thickness (3.42 mm) were registered with foliar application of Urea 1.0% + K2SO4 1.0% + ZnSO4 0.5% + FeSO4 0.5% + H3BO3 0.2%, however, the foliar spray of Urea, K2SO4, ZnSO4, FeSO4 and boric acid had no effect on number of seeds per fruit in Kinnow mandarin. Thus it is clear from results that foliar nutrient application showed a stimulating influence on yield and quality parameters of Kinnow fruits.
Conclusion: From the research findings it can be concluded that the maximum potential of Kinnow mandarin plants in respect of fruit yield per plant, juice content, total soluble solids, TSS to acid ratio and ascorbic acid content was exploited to a maximum level and the acidity, rag and peel content and peel thickness to a minimum level with foliar application of Urea 1.0% + K2SO4 1.0% + ZnSO4 0.5% + FeSO4 0.5% + H3BO3 0.2%.
- Foliar spray
- fruit quality
- fruit yield
- Kinnow mandarin
How to Cite
Saxena M. Horticultural Statistics at a Glance; 2018.
Anonymous. Horticulture Department Report, Government of Haryana; 2017.
Wang R, Xue-Gen S, Zhang WY, Xiao EY, Juhani U. Yield and quality responses of citrus (Citrus reticulata) and tea (Podocarpus fleuryi Hickel) to compound fertilizers. J Zhejiang Uni, China, 2006;7: 696-701.
Asthir B, Jain D, Kaur B, Bains NS. Effect of nitrogen on starch and protein content in grain influence of nitrogen doses on grain starch and protein accumulation in diversified wheat genotypes. J Environ Biol. 2017;38:427-433.
Srivastava, KC, Bopaiah MG. Further studies on influence of different levels and combinations of N, P and K on vigour, yield and quality of Coorg mandarin In: Proceed Int Citrus Symp, IIHR, Bangalore, India. 1977:29-34.
Singh A, Bakshi M, Brar AS, Singh SK. Effect of micro-nutrients in Kinnow mandarin production: A review. Int J Chem Stud. 2019;7:5161-5164.
Liu CJ, Wary Y, Peng S, Lee, J. A review on effects of mineral nutrients on citrus. Chinese J. Soil Sci. 2010;41:2006-2045.
Obreza TA. Effect of P and K fertilization on young citrus growth. Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Florida. 2001;1-3.
Abbas F, Fares A. Best management practices in citrus production. Tree for Sci Biotech. 2008;3:1-11.
Obreza TA, Zekri M, Hanlon EA, Morgan K, Schumann A, Rouse R. Soil and leaf tissue testing for commercial citrus production cooperative extension service, University of Florida, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Florida. 2010;24-32.
Helrich K. Ofﬁcial methods of analysis of the association of ofﬁcial analytical chemists. 15th ed. Arlington: USDA; 1990.
Sheoran OP, Tonk DS, Kaushik LS, Hasija RC, Pannu RS: Statistical Software Package for Agricultural Research Workers Recent Advances in information theory, Statistics & Computer Applications by DS Hooda and RC Hasija Department of Mathematics Statistics, CCS HAU, Hisar. 1998;139-143.
Ullah S, Khan AS, Malik AU, Afzal I, Shahid M, Razzaq K. Foliar application of boron influences the leaf mineral status, vegetative and reproductive growth, yield and fruit quality of Kinnow mandarin. J Plant Nutr.2012;35:2067-2079.
Alloway BJ. Zinc in soils and crop Nutrition. 2nd ed. IZA and IFA: Belgium and France; 2008.
Quiñones A, Martínez-Alcántara B, Primo-Millo E, Legaz F. Fertigation concept and application in citrus and in Advances in citrus nutrition, Springer Netherland; 2012; 281-301.
Al-Obeeda, RS, Mahmoud AA, Hassan A, Saifa AM. Improvement of Kinnow mandarin fruit productivity and quality by urea, boron and zinc foliar spray. J Plant Nutr. 2017;41:609-618.
Babu KD, Yadav DS. Foliar spray of micronutrients for yield and quality improvement in Khasi mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco). Indian J Hort. 2005;62: 280-281.
Ashraf MY, Yaqub M, Akhtar J, Khan M, Khan MA, Ebert G. Control of excessive fruit drop and improvement in yield and juice Quality of Kinnow (Citrus deliciosa x Citrus nobilis) through nutrient management. Pak J Bot. 2012;44:259-265.
Vijaya HM, Godara RK, Singh S, Sharma N. Effect of exogenous application of micronutrients on growth and yield of Kinnow mandarin under semi-arid zone of Haryana. J. Pharma and Phytochem. 2017;6:733-735.
Eman AAAE, El-Migeed MMMA, Omayma MMI. GA3 and zinc sprays for improving yield and fruit quality of Washington Navel orange trees grown under sandy soil conditions. Res J Agric & Biol Sci. 2007; 3:498-503.
Singh PC, Ritesh SG, Singh VK. Response of boron, zinc and copper on quality of aonla fruits cv Banarsi. HortFlora Res Spectrum. 2012;1:89-91.
Gurjar PS, Rana GS. Influence of foliar application of nutrients and growth regulator on fruit drop, yield and fruit size and quality in Kinnow mandarin. Indian J Hort. 2014;71:109-111.
Khan, AS, Nasir M, Malik S, Basra MA, Jaskani MJ. Combined application of boron and zinc influence the leaf mineral status, growth, productivity and fruit quality of ‘Kinnow’ mandarin (Citrus nobilis Lourx Citrus deliciosa Tenore). J Plant Nutr. 2015;38:821-838.
Kulkarni NH. Effect of growth regulators and micronutrients on fruit drop, yield and quality in sweet orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck) PhD Thesis, Marathwada Agricultural University, Parbhani, India; 2004.
Gurung S, Mahato SK, Suresh CP, Chetrri B. Impact of foliar application of growth regulators and micronutrients on the performance of Darjeeling Mandarin. American J Exp Agric. 2016;12:1-7.
Mishra LN, Sharma HC, Singh SK. Foliar chlorophyll contents in Kinnow mandarin as affected by micronutrients (Zn, Fe and B) and rootstocks. Ann Agric Sci. 2003;24: 49–52.
Prasad H, Prasad D, Bhan C, Bairwa SK, Babu S, Pal S. Effect of foliar application of urea, zinc sulphate and 2,4-D on Kinnow mandarin. J Progress Agric. 2013;4:148-153.
Saleem M, Ashraf YM, Ashraf M, Akhtar M, Mahmood K. Improvement in yield, quality and reduction in fruit drop in Kinnow (Citrus reticulata Blanco) by exogenous application of plant growth regulators, potassium and zinc. Pak J Bot. 2013; 45:433-440.
Abd-Allah ASE. Effect of spraying some micro and macro nutrients in fruit set, yield and fruit quality of Washington Navel orange tree. Appl Sci Res. 2006;11:1059-1063.
Kaur N, Monga PK, Arora PK, Kumar K. Effect of micronutrients on leaf composition, fruit quality and yield of Kinnow mandarin. J App and Nat Sci. 2015;7:639-643.
Brahmachari VS, Yadav GS, Naresh K. Effect of feeding of calcium, zinc and boron on yield and quality attributes of litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn). Orissa J Hort. 1997;25:49-52.
Kazi SS, Ismail S, Joshi KG. Effect of multi-micronutrient on yield and quality attributes of the sweet orange. Afr J agric Res. 2012;7:4118-4123.
Razzaq K, Khan AS, Malik AU, Shahid M, S Ullah. Foliar application of zinc inﬂuences the leaf mineral status, vegetative and reproductive growth, yield and fruit quality of ‘Kinnow’ mandarin. J Plant Nutr. 2013;36:1479– 95.
Nawaz A, Waqar A, Khan S. Role of growth regulators on pre-harvest fruit drop, yield and quality in Kinnow mandarin. Pak J Bot. 2008;40:1971-1981.
Abstract View: 1253 times
PDF Download: 399 times