Effect of Foliar Fertilization of Boron, Zinc and Iron on Fruit Quality and Leaf Nutrients Content of Peach cv. Shan-e-Punjab
Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology,
Aims: To study the effect of different micronutrients and number of foliar spray on fruit quality and leaf nutrient content of peach.
Study Design: The experiment comprised of seven treatments and conducted on seven years old plants in Randomized Block Design with three replications.
Place and Duration of Study: The experiment was conducted at the experimental orchard of Department of Horticulture, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar during the year 2018.
Methodology: The treatments included in the study consisted of three micro-nutrients [T1- ZnSO4 @ 0.2%, T2- ZnSO4 @ 0.3%, T3- FeSO4 @ 0.2%, T4- FeSO4 @ 0.3%, T5- Boric acid @ 0.1%, T6- Boric acid @ 0.2%, T7- Control (water spray)] each applied as foliar spray at different concentration as single and double spray.
Results: The results showed that foliar spray of micronutrients significantly improved quality and leaf nutrient status in peach cv. Shan-e-Punjab. The foliar spray of FeSO4 @ 0.2% (T3) found to be the best treatment with respect to TSS (11.06%), ascorbic acid (8.18 mg/100 g pulp) and leaf iron content (345.51 ppm). The highest TSS: ratio (23.88), leaf zinc content (35.42 ppm) and lowest acidic fruits (0.45%) was observed from the plants sprayed with T1 (ZnSO4 @ 0.2%), whereas, highest leaf boron content (91.02 ppm) was recorded with T6 (Boric acid @ 0.2%). Double foliar spray of micronutrients (Fe, Zn and B) at first week of March + April significantly TSS, TSS: acidity, ascorbic acid, leaf zinc, iron, and boron content and reduced acidity fruits then single foliar spray in first week of March.
Conclusion: The foliar spray of ZnSO4 @ 0.2% (T1) proved to be best treatment in terms of quality. A double spray of micronutrients (Fe, Zn and B) significantly increased total soluble solids, TSS: acidity, ascorbic acid, leaf (zinc, iron, and boron) content and reduced fruit acidity as compared to single spray.
- Foliar spray
- leaf nutrient
- quality attributes
How to Cite
Zaman Q, Schumann AW. Nutrient management zones for citrus based on variation in soil properties and tree performance. Precision Agriculture. 2006;7(1):45-63.
Yadav V, Singh PN, Yadav P. Effect of foliar fertilization of boron, zinc and iron on fruit growth and yield of low-chill peach cv. Sharbati. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 2013;3(8): 2250-2256.
Umer S, Bansal SK, Imas P, Magen H. Effect of foliar fertilization of potassium on yield, nutrition, quality and nutrient uptake of groundnut. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 1999;22(11):1785-1795.
Tariq M, Sharif M, Shah Z, Khan R. Effect of foliar application of micronutrients on the yield and quality of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis L.). Journal of Biological Sciences. 2007;10(11):1823-1828.
Rajaiea M, Ejraie AK, Owliaie H, Tavakoli AR. Effect of zinc and boron interaction on growth and mineral composition of lemon seedlings in a calcareous soil. International Journal of Plant Production. 2009;3(1):39-49.
Abedy A. Effect of zinc sulfate and citric acid spray on fruit characteristics of tomato cultivar urban. M.Sc. Thesis Shiraz University; 2001.
Chandler WH, Hoagland DR, Hibbard PL. Little leaf or rosette of fruit trees. Proceedings of the American Society for Horticultural Science. 1931;28:556-560.
Gauch HG, Dugger WM. The role of boron in the translocation of sucrose. American Society of Plant Biologists. 1953;28:457-467.
Rease JT. Physiological disorders and maladies of pear fruit. Horticultural Reviews. 1989;11:357-411.
El-Sheikh MH, Khafagy SAA, Zaied NS. Effect of foliar application with some micronutrients on leaf mineral content, yield and fruit quality of "Florida Prince and Desert Red" peach trees. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences. 2007;3(4):309-315.
Abadía A. Leaf responses to iron deficiency: A review. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 1992;15(10):699-713.
Molassiotis A, Tanou G, Diamantidis G, Patakas A, Therios I. Effects of 4-month Fe deficiency exposure on Fe reduction mechanism, photosynthetic gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence and antioxidant defense in two peach rootstocks differing in Fe deficiency tolerance. Journal of Plant Physiology. 2006;163(2):176-185.
Sanz M, Pascual J, Machin J. Prognosis and correction of iron chlorosis in peach trees, influence of fruit quality. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 1997;20:1567-1572.
Alvarez-Fernandez A, Paniagua MP, Abadia J, Abadia A. Effects of Fe deficiency-chlorosis on yield and fruit quality in peach (Prunus persica L. Batsch). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2003;51(19):5738-5744.
AOAC. Official methods of analysis. 15th Ed., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, USA; 1990. ISBN-13, 978-0-935584-42-4.
Chapman HD. Zinc diagnostic criteria for plants and soils. Univ. Calif., Div. Agricultural Sciences, Berkeley. 1966;484-499.
Piper CS. Soil and plant analysis. Hans Publication, Bombay. 1966;368.
Lindsay WL, Norvell WA. Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Science Society America Journal. 1978;42:421-428.
Wolf B. Important in the azomethine H method for the determination of boron. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 1974;5:39-44.
Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical procedures for agricultural research. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 1984;680.
Sheoran OP, Tonk DS, Kaushik LS, Hasijaa RC, Pannu RS. Statistical software package for agricultural research workers. Recent Advances in Information Theory; Statistics and Computer Application by D.S Hooda and R.C. Hasija Department of Mathematics Statistics, CCS HAU, Hisar. 1998;139-143.
Eman AA, El-Migeed MMMA, El-Moneim A, Omayma AMMI. GA3 and zinc sprays for improving yield and fruit quality of Washington Navel orange trees grown under sandy soil conditions. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences. 2007;3(5):498-503.
El-Shewy AA, Abdel-Khalek AI. Physiological studies on the effect of foliar spray with some micronutrients on leaf mineral content, yield and fruit quality of "Florida prince and Desert red" peach trees. Trends in Horticultural Research. 2014;4(1):20-30.
Dhotra B, Bakshi P, Jeelani MI, Vikas V. Influence of foliar application of micronutrients on fruit growth, yield and quality of peach cv. Shan-e-Punjab. Indian Research Journal of Genetics and Biotechnology. 2018;10(1):105-112.
Brahmachari VS, Yadav GS, Naresh K. Effect of feeding of calcium, zinc and boron on yield and quality attributes of litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.). Orissa Journal of Horticulture. 1997;25(1):49-52.
Mengel K, Kirkby EA. Principles of plant nutrition. Annals of Botany. 2004;93(4): 479–480.
Nawaz MA, Ahmad W, Ahmad S, Khan MM. Role of growth regulators on pre harvest fruit drop, yield and quality in Kinnow mandarin. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 2008;40:1971-1981.
Hassan HSA, Sarrwy SMA, Mostafa EAM. Effect of foliar spraying with liquid organic fertilizer, some micronutrients, and gibberellins on leaf mineral content, fruit set, yield, and fruit quality of "Hollywood" plum trees. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America. 2010;1(4):638-643.
Sanchez EE, Weinbaum SA, Johnson RS. Comparative movement of labelled nitrogen and zinc in 1-year-old peach (Prunus persica L.) trees following late-season foliar application. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology. 2006;81(5):839-844.
Ali A, Perveen S, Syed NMS, Zhang Z, Fazli W, Mohib S, et al. Effect of foliar application of micronutrients on fruit quality of peach. American Journal of Plant Sciences. 2014;5:1258-1264.
Barker AV, Pilbeam DJ. Handbook of plant nutrition. Boca Raton, CRC Press; 2007.
Stilianidis DK, Simonis AD, Sirgianidis GD. Nutrition and fertilization of deciduous fruit trees, toxicities, deficiencies and physiological disorders of trees. Greece, Stamoulis Publications; 2002.
Abstract View: 2036 times
PDF Download: 870 times