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In developing countries, one of the main concerns is contaminated drinking water. The rise in demands and development pressure is also changing the characteristics of water resources. The freshwater sources are increasingly being depleted as surface water resources have become too polluted for human consumption. To address this issue, water samples were collected from industrial clusters in Kashipur town and from the Kosi River. Industrial effluents were obtained from six locations and samples from twelve sites were drawn from the groundwater. Water supplies have been sampled from boreholes, open wells, rivers and some piped waters throughout the town of this area. The specimens are examined for their concentration of physico-chemical and heavy metals to detect pollution issues and recommend acceptable solutions. Results of the assessment confirmed that in the studied area there was the presence of various health and aesthetic parameters of concern. Apart from Kosi bank and Cheema drain, most of the effluents are acceptable for discharge into the water body. Most of the groundwater surrounding these three industries was not suitable as groundwater samples for drinking purposes at Dhouri pratha 1, Glycol gate no.1, Artesian well sugarcane center, petrol pump, and Parmanandpur-2. In addition, factors of environmental significance, such as turbidity, iron, and manganese, have a negative impact on many groundwater sources. Using alternative sources, improving water supply structures and treating water can be solutions to improve drinking water quality in this area.
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