Effect of Tillage and Weed Control Techniques on Energy Dynamics and Profitability of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) - Rice Cropping Sequence in Irrigated Ecosystem of C. G. Plains

Main Article Content

Anjum Ahmad
T. Chowdhury
Adyant Kumar


A field study was conducted during rabi seasons of 2010-11 and 2011-12 at the Research cum Instructional Farm of Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur, Chhattisgarh to evaluate the effect of various tillage and weed management techniques on energy dynamics and profitability of chickpea-rice cropping sequence in irrigated ecosystem of C.G. plains. The results indicate that plots were divided into main and sub plots (tillage and weed management practices). Three tillage practices viz., conventional tillage (T1),  minimum tillage (T2) and zero tillage (T3) in main plot and nine weed management practices as pendimethalin @ 1000 g ha-1 PE (W1), imazethapyr @ 80 g ha-1 PE (W2), imazethapyr @ 90 g ha-1 PE (W3), imazethapyr @ 100 g ha-1 PE (W4) at 2 DAS, imazethapyr @ 70 g ha-1 POE (W5), imazethapyr @ 80 g ha-1 POE (W6), imazethapyr @ 90 g ha-1 POE (W7) at 20 DAS, one hand weeding at 20 DAS (W8) and weedy check (W9), in sub plots. Among the various tillage practices, maximum energy use efficiency 3.74 q MJ-1 × 10-3 ha-1 and energy productivity 160.34 kg MJ-1 ha-1 were obtained with conventional tillage (T1) followed by minimum tillage (T2) and zero tillage (T3) and among the different weed control methods, maximum energy use efficiency 5.46 q MJ-1 × 10-3 ha-1 and energy productivity 233.37 kg MJ-1 ha-1 were found with one hand weeding at 20 DAS (W8) followed by post-emergence application of imazethapyr @ 90 g ha-1 (W7) followed by imazethapyr @ 80 g ha-1 PoE (W6). The economic production of experiment in terms of net return was maximum under (T1) conventional tillage Rs.19824.21 ha-1 with B:C ratio 1.19 and (W8) one hand weeding at 20 DAS Rs.19171.44 ha-1 with B:C ratio 0.95 and this was followed by @ 90 g ha-1 imazethapyr, where net return Rs.19086.74 ha-1 and B:C ratio 1.04. The minimum net return and B:C ratio was observed under zero tillage (T3) and weedy check (W9).

Rice – chickpea cropping, tillage and weed management, energy use efficiency, energy productivity.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ahmad, A., Chowdhury, T., & Kumar, A. (2019). Effect of Tillage and Weed Control Techniques on Energy Dynamics and Profitability of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) - Rice Cropping Sequence in Irrigated Ecosystem of C. G. Plains. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 38(6), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/cjast/2019/v38i630404
Original Research Article


Ministry of Agriculture. Agricultural statistics at a glance 2013, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Government of India, New Delhi; 2013.

Sharma OL. Weed management in chickpea under irrigated conditions of western Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Weed Science. 2009;41(3 and 4):182–84.

Kumar S, Singh R, Kumar N. Performance of different herbicide in Weed growth of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). International Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2010;6: 202-205.

Balyan RS, Bhan VM. Promising the herbicides for weed control in chickpea. Indian J. Weed Sci.1984;16(2):69-75.

Buhler DD. Influence of tillage systems on weed population dynamics and management in corn and soybean production in central USA. Crop Science. 1995;35:1247-1257.

Yaduraju, NT. Foreword. In: Tillage and weed management. Technical Bulletin No. 1 NRCWS, Jabalpur; 2004.

Solh MB, Pala M. Weed control in chickpea. Option Mediterranean’s series seminaries. 1990;9:93-99.

Solh MB, Pala M. Weed control in Chickpea. International center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Area (ICARDA). Options Mediterraneennes-serie Seminaries. 1990;9:93-99.

Unger PW, Miller SD, Jones OR. Weed seeds in long term dryland tillage and cropping system plots. Weed Research.1999;39:213-223.

Singh MP, Saxena KA Singh, HK. Energetics of cropping systems. Indian J. Agron. 1985;34(2):1-9.

Singh RK, Singh DK, Singh RP. Weed-crop competition in wheat as affected by different weed species. Indian Journal of Weed Science.1997;29:199.

Jain KK, Tiwari JP, Sahu TR. Energy and nutrient utilization in soybean-weed ecosystem under different methods of sowing and herbicidal treatments. J. Oilseeds Res.1998;15(1):86-92.

Pinjari, S.S. Effect of integrated nutrient management and polythene mulch on the performance of sweet corn under lateritic soils of Konkan. Ph.D. (Agri.) Thesis, Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli and Dist. Ratnagiri (M.S.); 2007.

Amanullah J, Thsanullah D, Ali K, khan, IA. Tillage and several rates effect on weed biomass, grain and biological yield of dryland chickpea. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 2010;42(6):4011-4016.

Kumar N, Mina BL, Singh KP, Chandra S, Kumar M, Shrivastava AK. Weed control for yield and profit maximization in wheat (Triticum aestivum) in Indian Himalayas. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 2010;55(2):5.

Upadhyay VB, Bhalla, CS. Efficacy of cultural, mechanical and chemical weed control in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Indian J. Weed Sci. 2002;34:141-142.

Singh A, Ahlawat IPS, Saraf CS. Studies on weed control in chickpea. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 1986;31(3):269-272.

Yadav, SK, Singh, SP, Bhan, VM. Weed control in chickpea. Tropical Pest Management. 1983;29(3):297-298.

Ahmed MS, Khalid, Siddiqui SU. Efficacy of pre- and post-emergence herbicides and their application methods on the growth, yield and nodulation of chickpea (Cicer arietinum). Pak. J. Weed Sci. Res. 1990; 3:89-97.

Amarjeet SB, Singh M, Kachrood D, Sharm BC, Shrivan DR. Efficacy of herbicides in transplanted medium duration rice (Oryza sativa under subtropical conditions of Jammu. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 2006;51(2):128-130.

Sukhadia NM, Ramani BB, Modhwadia MM, Khanpara VD, Asodaria KB. Integrated weed management in chickpea. Gujarat Agric. Univ. Res.1999;24(2):7-12.

Varshney JG, Arya, RL. Effect of integrated nutrients use and weed-control methods in sole gram (Cicer arietinum L.) and gram + Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) intercropping system. Indian J. Agri. Sci. 2004;74(3):121-125.

Chaudhary BM, Patel JJ, Delvadia DR. Effect of weed management practices and seed rates on weeds and yield of chickpea. Indian Journal of Weed Science. 2005; 37(¾):271-272.

Singh G, Singh B, Singh D. Studies on weed control in urdbean. In: Abstracts of Papers. Annual Conferences of ISWS held at Hisar. 1982;22.

Sanl A, Kaya M, Kara B. Effect of herbicide application & hoeing times on weed flora, yield & some yield components of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Anadolu. Tarm Bilimleri Dergisi. 2009;24(1):13-20.