Statistical Analysis of Growth and Instability of Rabi Food Grain Production in Coastal Districts of Odisha, India

Main Article Content

Abhiram Dash
Priyanka Pradhan
Subrat Kumar Mahapatra
Pradeep Mishra

Abstract

Agriculture is the backbone of the economy of Odisha, India. Food grain production in the state is mainly confined in the coastal areas. Coastal land, one of the important production systems occupying an area of about 10.78 million ha, has a significant contribution to the food grain production of the state. Food grains include both cereals and pulses. To study the variation in production of Rabi food grains, a study is made about the area and yield of rabi food grains in these coastal districts from the year 1993-94 to 2014-15. For this purpose, the whole period of study (1993-94 to 2014-15) is divided into two sub-periods i.e. Period-I (1993-94 to 2002-03) and Period-II (2003-04 to 2014-15) on the basis of scatter plot of area, yield and production of Rabi food grains of Odisha. The Indian cropping season is classified into two main seasons-(i) Kharif and (ii) Rabi based on the monsoon. This study includes test of significance of change in mean and variance of area, yield and production of Rabi food grains from Period-I to Period-II. To test the significance of change in mean and variance of area, yield and production of rabi food grains from Period-I to Period-II, Fisher′s t-test and Snedecor’s F-test have been used respectively. No significant change in mean area from Period-I to Period-II was found but there is high variation in mean yield and mean production of Rabi food grains. High variation in mean yield and mean production of Rabi food grains is marked which may be due to uneven spread of technologies. The results of the study revealed that the variability (variance) in production of Rabi food grains of Odisha increased from Period-I to Period-II. Change in coefficient of variation of area, yield and production of Rabi food grains show significant decrease from Period-I to Period-II.

Keywords:
Food grains, production, scatter plot, mean, variance and coefficient of variation

Article Details

How to Cite
Dash, A., Pradhan, P., Mahapatra, S. K., & Mishra, P. (2020). Statistical Analysis of Growth and Instability of Rabi Food Grain Production in Coastal Districts of Odisha, India. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 39(10), 8-16. https://doi.org/10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i1030623
Section
Original Research Article

References

Mohanty S, Pattanaik F, Patra RN. Agricultural diversification in Odisha during Post Reform Period. Agricultural Situation in India. 2013;70(6):5-14.

Joshi PK, Singh PB, Nicholas M. Sources of Agricultural Growth in India, Role of Diversification towards High-Value Crops, MTID Discussion Paper No. 98, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, D.C; 2006.

Paltasingh KR, Goyari P. Agricultural Economics Research Review. Agricultural Economics Research Association (India). 2013;26:67-78.

Krishnaji TN. Trends in Agriculture in India, 1949-50 to 1977-78. Economic and Political Weekly. 1979;14(30-31-32):1283- 1294.

Mishra P, Sahu PK, Uday JPS. ARIMA modeling technique in analyzing and forecasting fertilizer Statistics in India. Trends in Biosciences Journal. 2014; 7(2):170-176.

Mishra P, Sahu PK, Padmanaban K, Dishwajith KP, Dhekale BS. Study of Instability and Forecasting of Food Grain Production in India. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences. 2015;7(3):474-481.

Sahu PK, Mishra P. Instability in area, production and yield of maize in India and forecasting using ARIMA model. International journal of agricultural and statistical sciences. 2014;10(2):425-435.

Tripathy S, Bhuyan B. Growth of crop output in Orissa, Orissa Economic Journal. 1989;22(1-2):28-35.

Reddy AA. Agricultural productivity growth in Orissa, India, crop diversification to pulses, oilseeds and other high value crops. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2013;8(19):2272-2284.

Kumar V, Dhankhar R, Kumar D. Disparities in agricultural development of Haryana, A case of convergence or divergence, Economic Affairs. 2012;57(1): 51-59.

Dash A, Dhakre DS, Bhatacharya D. Study of growth and instability in food grain production of Odisha: A statistical Modelling Approach, Environment and Ecology. 2017;35(4D):3341-3351.