Comparison of Wheat Production under Different Paddy Residue Management Methods

Main Article Content

Jagjot Singh Gill
Maninder Singh

Abstract

A study was conducted to compare wheat production under two previous paddy crop residue management systems by taking into account wheat growth parameters, yield attributes and economics of both systems. Farm testing of wheat production in two methods of management of paddy residue viz: sowing of wheat with happy seeder in previous paddy crop residue (paddy residue retention) and sowing of wheat with normal drill after burning of previous paddy residue (paddy residue burning: farmer practice) done in Ferozepur and Jalandhar districts on 10 farmers’ fields locations in each district during rabi season of 2016-17 and 2017-18. Dataset was analyzed using unpaired T test. Both paddy residue retention and paddy residue burning methods resulted in non-significant effect on growth parameters and yield attributes which resulted similar mean grain yields (5.48 t/ha) and (5.35 t/ha), respectively in both districts during two years of study. Paddy residue retention method reduced the cost of wheat cultivation and put a check on air pollution from burning of paddy residue in the field. It saved fertilizers by adding nutrients to the field.

Keywords:
Wheat, paddy residue retention, paddy residue burning, happy seeder, grain yield, cost, nutrients.

Article Details

How to Cite
Singh Gill, J., & Singh, M. (2020). Comparison of Wheat Production under Different Paddy Residue Management Methods. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 38(6), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.9734/cjast/2019/v38i630445
Section
Original Research Article

References

Kharia SK, Thind HS, Goyal A, Sharma S, Dhaliwal SS. Yield and nutrient uptake in wheat under conservation agriculture based paddy-wheat cropping system in Punjab, India. Int J Curr Microbiol Appl Sci. 2017;6(2):1698-1708.

Singh A, Kang JS, Kaur M. Planting of wheat with happy seeder and rotavator in paddy stubbles. Indo Am J Agr Vet Sci. 2013;1(2):32-41.

Singh Y, Singh M, Sidhu HS, Khanna PK, Kapoor S, Jain AK, Singh AK, Sidhu GK, Singh A, Chaudhary DP, Minhas PS. Options for effective utilization of crop residue. Directorate of Research, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana (Punjab) India. 2010;32.

Singh Y, Singh B, Ladha JK, Khind CS, Khera TS, Bueno CS. Effects of residue decomposition on productivity and soil fertility in paddy–wheat rotation. Soil Sci Soc Am J. 2004;68:854–64.

Singh Y, Singh B, Timsina J. Crop residue management for nutrient cycling and improving soil productivity in paddy-based cropping systems in the tropics. Adv Agron. 2005;85:269-407.

Kumar K, Goh KM. Crop residue management: Effects on soil quality, soil nitrogen dynamics, crop yield, and nitrogen recovery. Adv Agron. 2000;68:197-319.

Rahman MA, Chikushi J, Saifizzaman M, Lauren JG. Paddy straw mulching and nitrogen response of no-till wheat following paddy in Bangladesh. Field Crops Res. 2005;91:71-81.

Sidhu HS, Manpreet-Singh, Humphreys E, Yadvinder-Singh, Balwinder-Singh, Dhillon SS, Blackwell J, Bector V, Malkeet-Singh, Sarbjeet-Singh. The happy seeder enables direct drilling of wheat into paddy stubble. Aus J Exp Agric. 2007;47:844–54.

Naresh RK, Singh SP, Kumar D, Pratap B. Experience with managing paddy residue in intensive paddy-wheat cropping system in north-western India. Int J Life Sci Biotechnol Pharma Res. 2013;2(2):85-96.

Sidhu HS, Singh M, Yadvinder-Singh, Blackwell J, Singh V, Gupta N. Machinery development for crop residue management under direct drilling. In: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture. Incorporating 3rd Farming Systems Design Conference, 25-29th September, Brisbane, Australia. 2011;157-58.

Dhillon GS. Comparative evaluation of happy seeder technology versus normal sowing in wheat (Triticum aestivum) in adopted village Killi Nihal Singh of Bathinda district of Punjab. J Appl Nat Sci. 2016;8(4):2278-82.

Dhaliwal HS, Singh RP, Kaur H. Financial assessment of happy seeder. Conserv Agric. 2011;17:4-5.

Gajri PR, Ghuman BS, Singh S, Misra RD, Yadav DS, Singh H. Tillage and residue management practices in paddy wheat system in Indo-Gangetic Plains – a diagnostic survey. Technical Report, National Agricultural Technology Project, ICAR: New Delhi and Department of Soils, PAU: Ludhiana; 2002.

Dobermann A, Fairhurst TH. Paddy straw management. Better Crops Int. (Special Supplement). 2002;16:7-11.

Singh RP, Dhaliwal HS, Humphreys E, Sidhu HS, Singh M, Singh Y, Blackwell J. Economic assessment of the happy seeder for paddy-wheat systems in Punjab, India. AARES 52nd Annual Conference, Canberra, ACT, Australia; 2008.

Gupta PK, Sahai S. Residue open burning in paddy-wheat cropping system in India: An agenda for conservation of environment and agricultural conservation agriculture. In ‘Conservation Agriculture – Status and Prospects’, ed. by I. P. Abrol, R. K. Gupta and R. K. Malik. Centre for Advancement of Sustainable Agriculture, National Agriculture Science Centre: New Delhi. 2005;50-54.