Genetic Variability in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under Heat Stress Condition

Main Article Content

Sanjay Kumar
B. G. Suresh
Anand Kumar
G. R. Lavanya

Abstract

The present experiment was carried out at field experimentation centre of the Genetics and Plant Breeding, Naini Agricultural Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj (Uttar Pradesh) to study genetic variability, correlation and path analysis in fifty germplasm of chickpea during rabi, 2017-18. The maximum phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) and genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) were noticed for 100-seed weight, biological yield per plant, grain yield per plant and number of primary branches per plant. High heritability were recorded by 100 seed weight, biological yield per plant, primary branches per plant, grain yield per plant, effective pods per plant, total number of pods per plant, secondary branches per plant, plant height, days to 50% flowering and days to maturity. High heritability coupled with high genetic advance as percent of mean was observed for 100 seed weight, biological yield per plant, primary branches per plant, grain yield per plant, effective pods per plant, total number of pods per plant, secondary branches per plant and plant height which suggested that these characters can be considered as favorable attributes for the improvement through selection. Path coefficient analysis for grain yield per plant revealed that biological yield, harvest index, secondary branches, canopy temperature at vegetative stage, effective pods per plant had given the highest contribution on yield per plant. So the utmost importance should be given to these characters during the selection for yield improvement in late sown chickpea.

Keywords:
Cicer arietinum L., genetic variability, correlation, path analysis and grain yield.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kumar, S., G. Suresh, B., Kumar, A., & R. Lavanya, G. (2020). Genetic Variability in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under Heat Stress Condition. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 38(6), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.9734/cjast/2019/v38i630443
Section
Original Research Article

References

FAOSTAT. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy; 2019.
Available:http://faoapps.fao.org./site/567/ default.aspx

Kumar J, Van Rheenen HA. A major gene for time of flowering in chickpea. J. Heredity. 2000;91:67-68.

Gaur PM, Kumar J, Gowda CLL, Pande S, Siddique KHM, Khan TN, Warkentin TD, Chaturvedi SK, Than AM, Ketema D. Breeding chickpea for early phenology: Perspectives, progress and prospects. In: Kharkwal MC, (Ed) Food Legumes for Nutritional Security and Sustainable Agriculture, New Delhi, India: Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding. 2008;2:39-48.

Summerfield RJ, Virmani SM, Roberts EH, Ellis RH. Adaption of chickpea to agro climatic constraints. In: Van Rheenen, H.A., Saxena, M.C. (Eds.), Chickpea in the Nineties, Proceeding of the Second International Workshop on Chickpea Improvement, 4-8th December 1989. ICRISAT Publishing, India. 1990;50-61.

Basu PS, Ali M, Chaturvedi SK. Terminal heat stress adversely affects chickpea productivity in Northern India- Strategies to improve thermo tolerance in the crop under climate change on Agriculture, 23-25 February, New Delhi, India. 2009;189-193.

Krishnamurthy L, Gaur PM, Basu PS, Chaturvedi SK, Tripathi S, Vadez V, Rathore A. Large genetic variation for heat tolerance in the reference collection of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) germplasm. Plant Genetics Research. 2011;9(1):59–69.

Wang J, Gan YT, Clarke F, McDonald CL. Response of chickpea yield to high temperature stress during reproductive development. Crop Science. 2006;46: 2171-2178.

Subbarao GV, Kumar Rao JVDK, Kumar J, Johansen C, Deb UK, Ahmed I, Krishna Rao MV, Venkataratnam L, Hebbar KR, Sai MVSR, Harris D. Spatial distribution and quantification of rice-fallow in South-Asia-Potential for Legumes, ICRISAT, Patancheru, India; 2001.

Burton GW. Quantitative inheritance of grasses. Proc. 6th Int. Grassland Congress. 1952;1:277-283.

Lush JL. Intra-sire correlation and regression of offspring in rams as a method of estimating heritability of characters. Proceedings of the America Philosophical Society on Animal Product. 1940;33:292-301.

Johnson HW, Robinson HE, Comstock RE. Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in soyabean. Agronomy Journal. 1955;47:314-318.

Jeena AS, Arora PP, Ojha OP. Variability and correlation studies for yield and its components in chickpea. Legume Research. 2005;28(2):146-148.

Younis N, Hanif M, Sadiq S, Abbas G, Asghar MJ, Haq MA. Estimates of genetic parameters and path analysis in lentil (Lens culinaris Medik). Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Science. 2008;45(3):44-48.

Alwani H, Moulla M, Chouhan W. Genotype environment interaction and genetic parameter in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) landraces. Journal of Agricultural Science. 2010;2(1):153-157.

Babbar A, Prakash V, Prakash T, Iquabal MA. Genetic variability of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under late sown condition. Legume Research. 2012;35(1):1-7.

Bicer BT, Sakar D. Heritability and path analysis of some economical characteristics in lentil. Journal of Central Europe Agriculture. 2008;9(1):191-196.

Yadav JK, Singh HL, Kumar R. Determining selection components in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L. Wilczek). Plant Archives. 2003;3:125-128.

Falconer DS. Introduction to quantitative genetics. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh. 1960;365.

Pandey S, Kureshi SP, Bhatore A. Studies on genetic variability and interrelationship among the different traits in exotic lines of lentil (Lens culinaris medik). Plant Archives. 2017;17(2):1164-1170.

Kuldeep RK, Pandey S, Babbar A, Mishra DK. Genetic variability, character association and path coefficient analysis in chickpea grown under heat stress condition. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding. 2014;5(4):812-819.

Talebi R, Fayaz F, Jelodar NAB. Correlation and path coefficient analysis of yield and yield components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under dry land condition in the West of Iran. Asian Journal of Plant Science. 2007;6(7):1151-1154.

Hahid S, Malik R, Bakhsh A, Asif MA, Iqbal U, Iqbal SM. Assessment of genetic variability and interrelationship among some agronomic traits in chickpea. International Journal of Agricultural Biology. 2010;12(1):81-85.

Ali Q, Ahsan M, Khaliq I, Elahi M, Shahbaz M, Ahmed W, Naees M. Estimation of genetic association of yield and quality traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). International Research Journal of Plant Science. 2011;2(6):166-169.

Priti G, Semwal BD, Gupta D. Correlation and path analysis in black gram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper). Progressive Agriculture. 2003;3(12):63-65.