Adaptation and Impact of Zero Tillage Technology for Wheat Cultivation in Eastern Region of Bihar

Main Article Content

Sanjeev Kumar Gupta
Sanoj Kumar
R. K. Sohane
S. K. Pathak
S. Raghawan
Shridhar Patil
Arvind Bhai Patel

Abstract

The present study aims to determine the adaptation and impact of zero tiltage technology for wheat cultivation in Eastern region of Bihar.

There is an increasing recognition among policy-makers of the largely untapped potential of the Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) for meeting state- and national-level food needs in India. Zero-tillage (ZT) technology has been proven for enhancing wheat productivity and, hence, food security in the IGP while reducing production costs – a 'win-win' which support rapid/fast technology scaling even though adoption remains modest to date. ZT technology is well known in the form of CA, that involves continuous minimum mechanical soil disturbance, permanent organic soil cover with crop residues or cover crops and diversified, efficient and economically viable crop rotations provide opportunities for saving on inputs, improving resource use efficiency and mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and climate change adaptation. Under the Farmers First project, an attempt was made to introduce ZT technology among two adopted villages under Goradih block of Bhagalpur district in Bihar, India. The result has shown that ZT is gaining popularity amongst the farmers in the adopted villages for establishing wheat crop for higher income and sustainability of the farming community. This technology allows rice-wheat farmers for direct drilling of wheat sooner after rice harvest without any preparatory tillage, so that wheat crop heads and fills grain before the onset of pre-monsoon. This involves sowing with a specially-designed zero-till seed-cum-fertilizer drill/planter, which has inverted 'T' type furrow opener to make a narrow slit in the soil for placing seed and fertilizer.  Wheat was sown by zero tillage technology that helped in advancing sowing time, reduced cost of cultivation in terms of land preparation (Rs.3850/ha), saving in labours time (6-7 hrs/ha), fuel (44 ltr/ha), environmental pollution (60%) as well as water-saving (33%).

Keywords:
Zero tillage technology, adaptation, environmental pollution and wheat.

Article Details

How to Cite
Gupta, S. K., Kumar, S., Sohane, R. K., Pathak, S. K., Raghawan, S., Patil, S., & Patel, A. B. (2019). Adaptation and Impact of Zero Tillage Technology for Wheat Cultivation in Eastern Region of Bihar. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 38(6), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/cjast/2019/v38i630397
Section
Original Research Article

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Erenstein O. Smallholder conservation farming in the tropics and subtropics: A guide to the development and dissemination of mulching with crop residues and cover crops. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 2003;100:17–37.

Erenstein O, Thorpe W, Singh J, Varma A. Crop–livestock interactions and livelihoods in the Indo-Gangetic Plains, India: A regional synthesis. Crop–livestock interactions scoping Study—synthesis. CIMMYT-ILRI-RWC, New Delhi, India; 2007.

Timsina J, Connor DJ. Productivity and management of rice–wheat cropping systems: Issues and challenges. Field Crops Research. 2001;69:93–132.

Jat ML, Saharawat YS, Gupta R. Conservation agriculture in cereal systems of south Asia: Nutrient management perspectives. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2011;24(1):100-105.

Gupta R, Seth A. A review of resource conserving technologies for sustainable management of the rice–wheat cropping systems of the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP). Crop Protection. 2007;26:436–447.

Gupta RK, Naresh RK, Hobbs PR, Jiaguo Z, Ladha JK. Sustainability of post-green revolution agriculture: The rice–wheat cropping systems of the Indo-Gangetic Plains and China. In: Ladha JK, Hill JE, Duxbury JM, Gupta RK, Buresh RJ. (Eds.), improving the productivity and sustainability of rice– wheat systems: Issues and impacts. ASA Special Publication Number 65. ASACSSA- SSSA, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. 2003;1–26.

Gupta R, Sayre K. Conservation agriculture in South Asia. Journal of Agricultural Science. 2007;145:207–214.

Pathak H, Saharawat YS, Gathala M, Ladha JK. Impact of resource-conserving technologies on productivity and greenhouse gas emission in rice-wheat system. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology. 2011;1(2011):261-277.

Malik RK, Gupta RK, Yadav A, Sardana PK, Punia SS, Malik RS, Singh S, Singh S. The socio-economic impact of zero-tillage in rice–wheat cropping system of Indo-Gangetic Plains. In: Malik RK, Gupta RK, Yadav A, Sardana PK, Singh CM. (Eds.), Zero Tillage—The Voice of Farmers. Technical Bulletin No. 9. Directorate of Extension Education, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, India. 2005a; 5–28.

Gupta PK, Sahai S, Singh N, Dixit CK, Singh DP, Sharma C, Tiwari MK, Gupta RK, Garg SC. Residue burning in rice–wheat cropping system: Causes and implications. Current Science. 2004;87: 1713–1717.

Malik RK, Gupta RK, Yadav A, Sardana PK, Singh CM. Zero Tillage—the voice of farmers. Technical bulletin No. 9. Directorate of Extension Education, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, India; 2005b.