Rising Sea Level, Receding Boundaries and Freezing Baselines in a Warming Climate

Main Article Content

Emojong Amai Mercy
Eliud Garry Michura

Abstract

This paper discusses the less publicised but far from less significant, an issue of how the international community’s approach to maritime boundary delimitation will be impacted by climate change resulting in sea level rise with coastal lands submerging affecting the international boundaries and impacting on biodiversity and human survival in the future. The climate change effect is already creating pressure on international law regardless of the direction that the law of the sea takes in remedying this dilemma. It is quite apparent that global disputes and conflicts are arising and solutions are needed urgently. The climate change and the consequent global sea level rise are widely touted to submerge islands and coastlines without discrimination. The international community has been relatively slow to react to what could pose an unprecedented threat to human civilisation.  The policies that have been applied have arguably been reactive and not proactive.  In future climate change may develop other by-products which may not be understood at this moment and may require a proactive approach. Further discussion of the merits of the potential paths is ideal in ensuring that appropriate and well thought-out resolutions are negotiated. Regardless of the outcome, the thorough debate is required to ensure the correct decision is made and that the balancing act between fulfilling states' interests and achieving a meaningful result does not become detrimental to the solidity and the enforceability of the outcome. There is a need to establish a comprehensive framework for ocean governance for management and long-term development and sustainability.

Keywords:
Rising sea level, receding boundaries and freezing baselines.

Article Details

How to Cite
Mercy, E. A., & Michura, E. G. (2019). Rising Sea Level, Receding Boundaries and Freezing Baselines in a Warming Climate. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 36(6), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/cjast/2019/v36i630260
Section
Minireview Article

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